‘Portugal Without Fires’, A Data Visualization System to Help Analyze Forest Fire Data in Portugal
The year 2017 was relatively tragic concerning the fires in Portugal. The scourge that settled in the country and the loss of countless human lives were engraved in the Portuguese memory. Due to extraordinary weather conditions and a lack of powerful means to immediately respond to the tragedy, more than a hundred citizens lost their lives in forest fires, some of them in severe conditions, in the middle of the forest and without a chance of escape, burned in cars as they fled. This paper presents the development of an integrated visualization system, exploring data acquired over the period of last ten years of Portuguese Forest Fires. The data was extracted from multiples of official public sources and formats, analyzed and classified accordingly. Advanced graphics and data-intense processing techniques provide distinct outputs, results, and correlations on acquired sources. This project contributes to innovative data analysis and reports perception, and it is intended to fit the expectation and needs of forest fires experts in crisis scenarios, representing an add-value for transformative co-decision.
KeywordsData visualization Data analytics Big data Wildfires Interaction Co-decision
We thank the Civil Protection Service of the Municipality of Esposende, especially in the person of Engineer Carlos do Carmo, who facilitated access to the data that served as the basis for this work. To our families, while we were working on this project. We also dedicate this research to all the families that lost their relatives in the tragic forest fires in Portugal, in 2017.
- 3.Shneiderman, B.: The eyes have it: a task by data type taxonomy for information visualizations. In: Proceedings 1996 IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, pp. 336–343. https://doi.org/10.1109/vl.1996.545307. ISBN 0-8186-7508-X
- 6.San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Barbosa, P., Schmuck, G., Libertà, G.: The european forest fire information system. In: Proceedings of the 6th AGILE, pp. 27–30 (2003)Google Scholar
- 7.Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera. https://www.ipma.pt/pt/index.html. Accessed 15 June 2018
- 8.ICNF - Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas. http://icnf.pt/. Accessed 15 June 2018
- 9.PORDATA - Estatísticas, gráficos e indicadores de Municípios, Portugal e Europa. https://www.pordata.pt/Homepage.aspx. Accessed 16 June 2018
- 10.Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente. https://www.apambiente.pt/. Accessed 15 July 2018
- 11.Portal da SGMAI. https://www.sg.mai.gov.pt/Paginas/default.aspx. Accessed 15 July 2018
- 12.Lima, M.: Visual Complexity: Mapping Patterns of Information. Princeton Architectural Press, New York (2011). ISBN 978-1568989365Google Scholar
- 13.Ware, C.: Information Visualization: Perception for Design. Morgan Kaufman (2004). http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=983611. ISBN 1558608192
- 14.Nielsen, J.: Usability inspection methods. In: Conference Companion on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI 1994, pp. 413–414 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1145/259963.260531. ISBN 0897916514
- 15.Nielsen, J., Molich, R.: Heuristic evaluation of user interfaces. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Empowering People - CHI 1990, pp. 249–256 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1145/97243.97281. ISBN 0201509326
- 16.Jones, J., Chavez, N., Narayan, C.: Portugal wildfire: 62 killed, victims burned in cars as they fled - CNN, CNN (2017). https://edition.cnn.com/2017/06/18/europe/portugal-fire/index.html. Accessed 10 June 2018