For over a hundred years, comics is presented on paper-based carriers such as magazines and books. With the development of new technologies, the comics industry has the opportunity to embrace a new carrier—the digital environment in electronic devices. However, due to the difference of the carrier, there exist differences between d-Comics (digital comics) and printed comics. One main difference is how the carrier creates segmentation of a sequence of comic panels: the segmentation created by paper is static and exclusive, while the segmentation created by screen-based electronic device may not be static nor exclusive because the same comics can be accessed through electronic devices with different screen sizes. This article describes an online experiment conducted to investigate how panel sequences are segmented in d-Comics. By analyzing the collected data from 80 participants with 4 panel sequences, two types of segmentation of panels in d-Comics were identified and discussed. This finding will further contribute to the design of d-Comics.


Digital comics Segmentation Panel sequence 



The authors would like to thank Mr. Gavin Aung Than for kindly giving permission to use his comics for the purpose of this research, and the participants for joining the online experiment. This research is supported by the Chinese Scholarship Council.


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinwei Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jun Hu
    • 1
  • Bart Hengeveld
    • 1
  • Matthias Rauterberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Eindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands

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