Surface-Modified Lanthanide Nanomaterials for Drug Delivery

  • Nitya R. Chawda
  • S. K. Mahapatra
  • I. BanerjeeEmail author


The chapter highlights the importance and possibility of detrimental effects of lanthanide-based nanomaterials, surface capping, and toxicity. Lanthanide-based nanomaterials serve multimodality approach such as diagnosis and therapy. This speciality makes them superior over their other counterparts like transition metals and organic-based materials. The loose ions leached from the contrast agent used for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) causes possibility of nephrotoxicity leading to nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). It also indulges the readers to understand synthesis mechanism for elongated mixed-phase rare-earth oxides and hydroxide nanostructures. The basic principle of transition and crystallization temperatures required for rare-earth-based oxide formation is specially highlighted and explained in detail using X-ray diffractometer (XRD), thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) data. Furthermore, the lanthanide nanorods have been employed as contrast agent in MRI and drug delivery studies. The promising results like longitudinal proton relaxivity (r1) value of 13.3 mM−1 s−1 and drug-loading capacity of 5-flurouracil are ~28% for FA-capped Gd2O3 nanorods in comparison to bare sample (~9%) that is best endowed to its unique structure and skillful capping. These advantages of well-capped FA-Gd2O3 nanorods are promising candidates for simultaneous bioimaging and drug delivery system due to the presence of FA over its surface. It will server further as potentially equipped candidate for clinical applications for targeted diagnosis and therapy which in combination is to be known as theranostics.


Drug delivery Paramagnetic Contrast agent Nanomaterials Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nitya R. Chawda
    • 1
  • S. K. Mahapatra
    • 2
  • I. Banerjee
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Nano SciencesCentral University of GujaratGandhi NagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physical SciencesCentral University of PunjabBhatindaIndia

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