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Prognosis of Fungal Infections Involving the Central Nervous System and Its Coverings

  • Kartik Munta
  • Jay Dip Ray Chaudhuri
Chapter

Abstract

Over 1.5 million fungal species have been known to be existing. There has been description of only 70,000 species reported in literature. Out of the described species, 300 have been suspected to show signs of virulence in humans. Amongst them 10–15% affect the central nervous system in human beings (Köhler et al. 2015). Fungal organisms encountered in the central nervous system can be classified into yeasts (Candida and Cryptococcus species), moniliaceous molds (Aspergillus spp., Fusarium spp.), dimorphic fungi (Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Histoplasma species), dematiaceous fungi, and Zygomycetes (Mucor spp., Rhizopus spp.).

Keywords

Central nervous system Complications Fungal infections Morbidity Mortality Prognosis 

Abbreviations

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

CNS

Central nervous system

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kartik Munta
    • 1
  • Jay Dip Ray Chaudhuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Yashoda Superspeciality HospitalHyderabadIndia

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