Spinal Syndromes

  • Álynson Larocca Kulcheski
  • Xavier Soler I. Graells
  • André Luís Sebben


Fungal infections of the spine are rare. They usually affect the immunosuppressed population. Most of the time, the symptoms are indolent and nonspecific, which makes difficult its early diagnosis. The histopathological diagnosis is mandatory for its adequate treatment. Cases that do not present with neurological deficits, instability, deformities, or abscesses can be treated clinically with antifungal agents. Otherwise, they should be approached surgically, preferably with an anterior approach for debridement and posterior fusion. Long-term follow-up should be done.


Central nervous system Complications Diagnosis Fungal infections Pathogenesis Spinal cord compression Spine Surgery Treatment 



Computed tomography


Human immonodeficiency virus


Magnetic resonance imaging


Oswestry disability index


Visual analog scale


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Álynson Larocca Kulcheski
    • 1
  • Xavier Soler I. Graells
    • 1
  • André Luís Sebben
    • 1
  1. 1.Orthopedics and Traumatology Service, Hospital de ClínicasUniversidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR)CuritibaBrazil

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