The Pulmonary Artery Catheter in the Management of the High-Risk Surgical Patient

  • M. Heringlake
  • S. Brandt
  • C. Schmidt
Part of the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (AUICEM)


The introduction of the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) into clinical practice almost 50 years ago was a landmark for the treatment of critically ill and high-risk surgical patients as well as the future development of critical care medicine [1]. Hemodynamic measurements which—at that time—were restricted to cardiology labs and based on the use of expensive dyes and time consuming measurements, could now easily be performed at the bedside on the intensive care unit (ICU) and in the operating room (OR). Thus it was not astonishing that, within a few years, the PAC became a standard tool for hemodynamic monitoring in patients during critical illness conditions and the tool of choice for managing perioperative hemodynamic optimization in high-risk patients.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Heringlake
    • 1
  • S. Brandt
    • 1
  • C. Schmidt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care MedicineUniversity of LübeckLübeckGermany

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