The history of transplants is one of vanity, disease and duels. Dr. Steve Carrel turns to a French seamstress to lay the foundation of vascular microsurgery. Cyclosporin allows transplant surgeons to confront the immune system.
KeywordsBeginnings History of transplants Duel damage repair Carrel shrinks sutures WWI = 11,000 surgeries Aesthetic surgery is born Confronting the immune system
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