Access Management for Transfemoral Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation



Transfemoral aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is the most commonly adopted access for TAVI, as vascular injury and complication remain a concern that affects both procedural and clinical outcomes, so meticulous access site selection and preparation, perfect femoral stick, and early complication diagnosis and good management will markedly improve patient’s outcome.

In this chapter, we discuss planning and choice of the vascular access by evaluating the anatomical features of the femoral artery; we highlight the methods of femoral artery access either percutaneously or surgically. Good planning and following best practice for vascular access will reduce the vascular complications.

Predictors and incidence of vascular complication and how they affect the clinical outcome are also discussed; different types of vascular complication and their management are also illustrated.


Transfemoral aortic valve implantation TAVI TAVR Vascular access Vascular complication 



Dr. Burzotta discloses to have been involved in advisory board meetings or having received speaker’s fees from Medtronic, St Jude Medical, Abiomed, Biotronic. Dr. Trani discloses to have been involved in advisory board meetings or having received speaker’s fees from St Jude Medical, Abiomed, Biotronic.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Cardiology, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCSUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly
  2. 2.Cardiology DepartmentTanta UniversityTantaEgypt

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