Trade-Off Between System Effectiveness and Context Constraints in the Design of an IoT System Giving Access to Health Care in African Rural Villages
Aging population is a global concern, but the situation is even worst in developing countries where the migration of the active population from rural areas to major cities makes the elderly left in their home in the village, usually assisted by close relatives who take care of them. Far distance to accessing good health facilities provided in the city hospital usually results to the untimely death of people suffering from treatable and manageable diseases like diabetes, malaria, high blood pressure and waterborne diseases. In this paper, we present the design concept of a system for preventing and controlling people’s health conditions; it exploits the possibilities of the Internet of Things technology, still trying to find a convenient balance between effectiveness, reliability and context limitations that require a cheap, affordable and easily configurable system.
KeywordsAmbient Assisted Living Ubiquitous healthcare Smart devices Tailoring by end user
This work is partially funded by the Apulia Region through the project GLOBALDOC (CUP H96J17000160002, approved with A.D. n. 9 on 18/01/2017) and by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) through PON Ricerca e Innovazione 2014–2020 - Asse I “Investimenti in capitale umano” - Azione I.1 “Dottorati Innovativi con caratterizzazione industriale” (CUP H92H18000210006 and H92H18000200006 approved with D.R.n.991 on 29/03/2018 of University of Bari Aldo Moro).
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