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Cybersecurity Self-assessment Tools: Evaluating the Importance for Securing Industrial Control Systems in Critical Infrastructures

  • Georgia Lykou
  • Argiro Anagnostopoulou
  • George Stergiopoulos
  • Dimitris GritzalisEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11260)

Abstract

Periodically assessing the security status of Industrial Control Systems (ICS) is essential to enable cybersecurity compliance and performance evaluation against an organization’s risk appetite. Ensuring appropriate security level is especially important in Critical Infrastructures (CI). Existing cybersecurity risk management methodologies provide frameworks through which CI stakeholders can enhance security and better protect their assets, against cybersecurity risks. Following traditional risk assessment procedures, a self-assessment tool can support an organization to build up on knowledge and security awareness, check implemented cybersecurity practices and responsibilities. Such methods and tools, when systematically implemented, can identify security weaknesses, establish cybersecurity targets and improve resilience. This paper aims to provide a review and analysis of available cybersecurity Self-Assessment tools, which can be used by ICS owners and CI operators. We also focus on questionnaire content analysis, used in these self-assessment tools, with the purpose to create a classification of questions content, according to core functions of NIST Cybersecurity Framework.

Keywords

Cyber security Self-assessment tools Industrial control systems security Critical infrastructure protection 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georgia Lykou
    • 1
  • Argiro Anagnostopoulou
    • 1
  • George Stergiopoulos
    • 1
  • Dimitris Gritzalis
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Information Security and Critical Infrastructure Protection (INFOSEC) Laboratory, Department of InformaticsAthens University of Economics and BusinessAthensGreece

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