Challenges for Nanobiotechnology

  • Hoda Jafarizadeh-Malmiri
  • Zahra Sayyar
  • Navideh Anarjan
  • Aydin Berenjian


Nanomaterials are making their way into all aspects of our lives; these materials are being increasingly used in pharmaceutical and medical applications, cosmetics and personal products, energy storage and efficiency, water treatment and air filtration, environmental remediation, chemical and biological sensors, military defense and explosives, and in countless consumer products and materials. For instance, in the area of food, nanomaterials can be used to provide new tastes and flavors, functional foods, hygienic food processing and packaging, intelligent, lightweight and strong packaging systems, pathogen detection and removal, and reduced agrochemicals, colors, flavors and preservatives (World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe 2013).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hoda Jafarizadeh-Malmiri
    • 1
  • Zahra Sayyar
    • 1
  • Navideh Anarjan
    • 2
  • Aydin Berenjian
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemical Engineering, East AzarbaijanSahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemical Engineering, East AzarbaijanIslamic Azad University Tabriz BranchTabrizIran
  3. 3.Faculty of EngineeringThe University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand

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