Fillers and Reinforcements for Advanced Nanocomposites

  • Nilesh Kumar Shrivastava
  • Muhammad Akmal Ahmad Saidi
  • Norhayani OthmanEmail author
  • Mohamad Zurina
  • Azman Hassan


The performance and properties of nanocomposites largely depend on its nanofiller and reinforcement. This chapter presents an overview of the different types of nanofiller and reinforcement in biopolymer nanocomposite. It mainly focuses on the preparation, processing, properties, and the application of the bio-nanocomposite. Bio-nanocomposite based on biopolymer such as poly(lactic acid) (PLA), poly(e-caprolactone) (PCL), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), poly(hydroxybutyrate) (PHB), poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV), and chitosan, and nanofiller such as graphene, carbon nanotube, layered silicate reinforcement, sepiolite, and halloysite nanofiller has become a topic of discussion, and their performance and future application become a focus of interest. Enhanced mechanical and thermal properties imparted by the nanofiller reinforcement on the bio-nanocomposite and its optimum loading had been reviewed. It can be concluded that the properties of bio-nanocomposite could be further enhanced by the utilization of compatibilizer, coupling agent, and nanofiller treatment in bio-nanocomposite, which play an important role in enhancing the compatibility between the component of bio-nanocomposite and state of nanofiller dispersion and distribution in bio-nanocomposite.


Nanofiller Reinforcement Mechanical properties Thermal properties Graphene Carbon nanotubes Layered silicates Sepiolite Halloysite 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nilesh Kumar Shrivastava
    • 1
  • Muhammad Akmal Ahmad Saidi
    • 1
  • Norhayani Othman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohamad Zurina
    • 1
  • Azman Hassan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Bioprocess and Polymer Engineering, School of Chemical and Energy EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia
  2. 2.Centre for Advanced Composite MaterialsUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia

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