Effects of Gd/Y Ratio on the Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Cast Mg–Gd–Y–Zr Alloys

  • J. L. Li
  • D. WuEmail author
  • R. S. ChenEmail author
  • En-Hou Han
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


Three Mg–xGd–yY–0.5Zr (x + y=13, wt%) alloys were prepared by sand casting to investigate the effects of Gd/Y ratio on the microstructures and mechanical properties. The results show that Gd/Y ratio had little influence on the grain size and the phase constitution of the microstructures. However, the volume fraction of the second phase Mg24(Gd, Y)5 in as-cast state increased, while that of the cubic phase (Y, Gd)H2 in as-solutionized state almost unchanged with the decrease of Gd/Y ratio. The uniaxial tension tests of the three alloys show that for both as-solutionized and as-aged states, the yield strength was slightly increased but the ductility was apparently decreased with the decrease of Gd/Y ratio from 3.33 to 1.17. It was thought that Gd and Y atoms in Mg matrix have approximate solute strengthening effect but different adverse effect on ductility, which should be responsible for the mechanical properties difference for the three alloys.


Cast Mg–Gd–Y alloy Gd/Y ratio Microstructure Mechanical properties 



This work was funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China through Project No. 2016YFB0301104, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through Projects No. 51531002, No. 51301173, No. 51601193 and No. 51701218, the National Science and Technology Major Project of China through Project No. 2017ZX04014001, and the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) through Project No. 2013CB632202.


  1. 1.
    B.L. Mordike, T. Ebert, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 302 (2001) 37–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. Smola, I. Stulı́ková, F. von Buch, B.L. Mordike, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 324 (2002) 113–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.G. Li, J.F. Nie, G.J. Huang, Y.C. Xin, Q. Liu, Scripta Materialia, 64 (2011) 950–953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Suzuki, H. Sato, K. Maruyama, H. Oikawa, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 252 (1998) 248–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G.W. Lorimer, P.J. Apps, H. Karimzadeh, J.F. King, Materials Science Forum, 419(2003) 279–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.B. Li, W.B. Du, X.D. Wang, K. Liu, Z.H. Wang, Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters), 54 (2018) 911–917.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.E. Drits, Z.A. Sviderskaya, L.L. Rokhlin, N.I. Nikitina, Metal Science and Heat Treatment, 21 (1979) 887–889.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.F. Nie, X. Gao, S.M. Zhu, Scripta Materialia, 53 (2005) 1049–1053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    I.A. Anyanwu, S. Kamado, Y. Kojima, Materials Transactions, 42 (2001) 1206–1211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S.M. He, X.Q. Zeng, L.M. Peng, X. Gao, J.F. Nie, W.J. Ding, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 427 (2007) 316–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Janik, D.D. Yin, Q.D. Wang, S.M. He, C.J. Chen, Z. Chen, C.J. Boehlert, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 528 (2011) 3105–3112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H.R.J. Nodooshan, W. Liu, G. Wu, Y. Rao, C. Zhou, S. He, W. Ding, R. Mahmudi, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 615 (2014) 79–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Wang, J. Meng, D. Zhang, D. Tang, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 456 (2007) 78–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    I.P.D.S.J.–F.N.M. Qian, Light Alloys: Metallurgy of the Light Metals, 2017.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.-L. Li, N. Zhang, X.-X. Wang, D. Wu, R.-S. Chen, Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters), 31 (2018) 189–198.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    X. Liu, Z. Zhang, Q. Le, L. Bao, Journal of Magnesium and Alloys, 4 (2016) 214–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Huang, L. Yang, S. You, W. Gan, K.U. Kainer, N. Hort, Journal of Magnesium and Alloys, 4 (2016) 173–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. Chen, K. Boyle, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 40(2009) 2751–2760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gao L (2010) Composition design, solid solution strengthening and precipitation strengthening mechanisms in high strength cast Mg–Gd–Y–Zr Alloys. Ph.D. thesis, Chinese Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Group of Magnesium Alloys and Their ApplicationsInstitute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina

Personalised recommendations