Advertisement

Urbanisation and Urban Planning in Turkey

  • Nil UzunEmail author
  • Ö. Burcu Özdemir Sarı
  • Suna S. Özdemir
Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

Urban and regional planning, as an institution, differs significantly from country to country depending on the legal and institutional contexts of each state. The significance of urban and regional planning increased in Turkey in 1923 following the foundation of the Republic. Economic policies executed by the government have always had an effect on urbanisation in Turkey. In fact, different economic policies and models applied since 1923 defined the different periods of urbanisation in the country. These periods also define the changes in urban and regional planning. There are basically four different models of economic development applied starting from 1923. A centralised, state-dominated model was the first one, and it was implemented until the 1950s. Liberalisation, the second model, was adopted in the 1950s. Mechanisation in agriculture set off rural-to-urban migration, and the rate of urbanisation increased very rapidly. This period lasted until the 1980s when Turkey’s economy underwent radical changes with the introduction of the privatisation model within the context of globalisation. The fourth period, starting after the general elections of 2002, can be considered a continuation of the third one. Economic and political changes in this period have had substantial implications for cities.

Keywords

Turkish urbanisation Planning legislation Economic development 

References

  1. Balaban O (2013) Neoliberal yeniden yapılanmanın Türkiye kentleşmesine bir diğer armağanı: Kentsel dönüşümde güncelin gerisinde kalmak (Another legacy of the neoliberal restructuring to Turkish urbanization: Lagging behind the contemporary urban transformation). In: Çavdar A, Tan P (eds) Istanbul: Müstesna şehrin istisna hali. Sel, Istanbul, pp 51–80Google Scholar
  2. Baş Y (2003) Designing urban space with the tools of the development legislation. Dissertation Middle East Technical UniversityGoogle Scholar
  3. Boratav K (1999) Açık ekonomi koşullarında yeniden inşa: 1923–1929 (Reconstruction under open economy conditions: 1923–1929). In: Baydar O (ed) 75 yılda çarklardan chiplere. Tarih Vakfı, Istanbul p, pp 23–32Google Scholar
  4. Boratav K (2014) Türkiye iktisat tarihi 1908–2009 (History of Turkish economy 1908-2009). İmge Kitabevi, AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  5. Eraydın A (1999) Sanayi’nin Anadolu’ya yaygınlaşması ve son dönemde gelişen yeni sanayi odakları (The spread of the industry to Anatolia and the recent development of new industrial districts). In: Baydar O (ed) 75 yılda çarklardan chiplere. Tarih Vakfı, Istanbul p, pp 257–277Google Scholar
  6. Kepenek Y (1999) Türkiye’nin 1980 sonrası sanayileşme süreci (Industrial development of Turkey after 1980). In: Baydar O (ed) 75 yılda çarklardan chiplere. Tarih Vakfı, Istanbul p, pp 229–240Google Scholar
  7. Keskinok HÇ (2010) Urban planning experience of Turkey in the 1930s. METU J Fac Archit 27(2):173–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Öniş Z (1997) The political economy of Islamic resurgence in Turkey: the rise of the Welfare Party in perspective. Third World Q 18(4):743–766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Öniş Z (2012) The triumph of conservative globalism: the political economy of the AKP era. Turkish Stud 13(2):135–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Şengül HT (2009) Kentsel çelişki ve siyaset: Kapitalist kentleşme süreçlerinin eleştirisi (Urban conflict and politics: criticism of capitalist urbanisation processes). İmge Kitabevi, AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  11. Tekeli İ (1998) Türkiye’de Cumhuriyet döneminde kentsel gelişme ve kent planlaması (Urban development and urban planning in the Republican era of Turkey). In: Sey Y (ed) 75 yılda değişen kent ve mimarlık. Istanbul, Tarih Vakfı, pp 1–24Google Scholar
  12. Türel A (1998) Kent ve ulaşım (City and transportation). In: Sey Y (ed) 75 yılda değişen kent ve mimarlık. Tarih Vakfı, Istanbul, pp 155–171Google Scholar
  13. TURKSTAT (2003) 2000 Census of population: social and economic characteristics of population. TURKSTAT AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  14. TURKSTAT (2008) News Bulletin, No 9, 21.01.2008, www.tuik.gov.tr. Accessed Jan 2009
  15. Türkün A (2011) Urban regeneration and hegemonic power relationships. Int Plann Stud 16(1):61–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Uzun CN (2001) Gentrification in Istanbul. KNAG, UtrechtGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nil Uzun
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ö. Burcu Özdemir Sarı
    • 1
  • Suna S. Özdemir
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of City and Regional PlanningMiddle East Technical UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of City and Regional PlanningÇankaya UniversityAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations