Development of Biocomposite Materials from Biodegradable Polymer and Bio-hydroxyapatite Derived from Eggshells for Biomedical Applications

  • Pedro R. S. ReisEmail author
  • Julyana G. Santana
  • Rene R. Oliveira
  • Vijaya K. Rangari
  • Felipe R. Lourenço
  • Esperidiana A. B. Moura
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


Nowadays, significant advances have been made in the development of biodegradable polymeric materials for biomedical applications. This study aims to prepare and characterize composite materials based on PLA/PBAT, a biodegradable polymer blend, reinforced with bio-hydroxyapatite (bio-HAp). First, bio-HAp was obtained from eggshell residues by the wet precipitation method. PLA/PBAT blend with 1.5 wt% of bio-HAp was prepared by melt extrusion and injection molding process. Part of composite samples was irradiated with gamma radiation dose of 25 kGy, at room temperature and presence of air. The effects of the bio-HAp addition into the biodegradable blend were investigated by mechanical tests, XRD, DSC, FE-SEM, and cytotoxicity “in vitro” analysis and the correlation between the properties was discussed. In addition, the microbiological tests were carried out at irradiated and non-irradiated composite samples in order to evaluate the efficiency of the radiation dose of 25 kGy at composite materials sterilization.


Bio-hydroxyapatite Biodegradable polymer blend Biomedical applications Cytotoxicity “in vitro” Microbiological tests 



The authors wish to thank CAPES and IPEN for providing the support for this work.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro R. S. Reis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Julyana G. Santana
    • 1
  • Rene R. Oliveira
    • 1
  • Vijaya K. Rangari
    • 2
  • Felipe R. Lourenço
    • 3
  • Esperidiana A. B. Moura
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Chemical and Environmental Technology (CQMA), Nuclear and Energy Research InstituteSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringTuskegee UniversityTuskegeeUSA
  3. 3.Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of PharmacyUniversity of Sao PauloSão PauloBrazil

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