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An Investigation of Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Polypropylene Reinforced with Different Clays

  • Alex S. MonteiroEmail author
  • Daili A. S. Barreira
  • Jaqueline S. Silva
  • Rene R. Oliveira
  • Francisco R. Valenzuela-Díaz
  • Esperidiana A. B. Moura
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

Nowadays, environmental awareness and an increasing concern with the greenhouse effect have increased the interest in composite materials containing at least one of the components from natural origin. Natural clays seem to be a good alternative because they are environmentally acceptable, naturally abundant minerals, and due to their ability to intercalate and exfoliate in the polymer matrix led to an improvement in mechanical, thermal and barrier properties, compared to the neat polymer. This work presents an investigation of the effects of incorporation of two different clays on mechanical and thermal properties of polypropylene (PP) matrix. PP with 1.5–3.0 wt% of the Cloisite® (commercial clay), and light green clay (non-commercial Brazilian clay), was prepared by melt extrusion process. The neat PP and its nanocomposites were characterized by mechanical tests, SEM, DSC, TGA and XRD analyses. In addition, clay characterization by XRD has also been carried out.

Keywords

Light green clay Cloisite® clay Polypropylene Tensile tests TG DSC 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank CAPES and CNPq for providing support for this work.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex S. Monteiro
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daili A. S. Barreira
    • 1
  • Jaqueline S. Silva
    • 1
  • Rene R. Oliveira
    • 2
  • Francisco R. Valenzuela-Díaz
    • 3
  • Esperidiana A. B. Moura
    • 1
  1. 1.Nuclear and Energy Research Institute, Center for Chemical and Environmental TechnologySão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Nuclear and Energy Research Institute, Center for Materials Science and TechnologySão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, Polytechnic SchoolUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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