Effect of Casting Temperature on the Surface Finish of Grey Iron Castings
One of the most common surface defects in sand casting of grey cast iron is caused by metal penetration into the sand mould. Metal penetration is a surface condition in which metal or metal oxides have filled the voids between sand grains to various depth without displacing them, thus yielding a phase of sand grains surrounded by metal and frequently by mould–metal reaction products. The penetration is often so severe that casting components are beyond the point of economical rework and must be scrapped. This experimental work has focused on reducing metal penetration on casting component on a production scale. The casting component produced has strongly affected by sand sintering metal penetration. A series of simulations were performed with the casting simulation program MagmaSoft® in order to investigate the solidification characteristics as well as the porosity formation in the casting component.
KeywordsGrey cast iron Metal penetration Casting simulation Solidification Surface finish
The author would like to thank Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Växjö, Sweden.
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