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Numerical Modelling and Influence of Cu Addition on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Additive Manufactured Ti–Al–Cu/Ti–6Al–4V Composite

  • E. T. Akinlabi
  • O. S. FatobaEmail author
  • S. A. Akinlabi
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

Laser metal deposition technique was used for the fabrication of Ti–Al–Cu coating on Ti–6Al–4V Alloy. The microstructure and elemental and phase composition of coatings were studied. The SEM images showed the homogeneous distribution of Cu addition in Ti–10Al–9Cu at scanning speed of 1.0 m/min. Strong metallurgical bond without pores and cracks were observed between the coating and the substrate. Grain refinement was observed within the microstructure as the grains grew in a columnar and dendritic pattern in a counter direction to heat flow. However, the cross-section microstructures of Ti–10Al–6Cu and Ti–10Al–3Cu at 0.8 and 1.0 m/min scanning speed and laser power of 1000 and 1100 W showed minute pores and cracks. The existence of amorphous phase revealed via XRD was also observed in the coatings. The microstructure of these alloys is highly influenced by processes involving plastic deformation and thermal treatments which, in effect, determines the mechanical properties adhering to desired properties. The microhardness testing results indicated that the fabricated coatings had enhanced by 61.9% as compared to the micro-hardness of the Ti–6Al–4V alloy substrate.

Keywords

Ti–6Al–4V alloy Microstructure Ti–Al–Cu coatings Hardness Copper Temperature distribution 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors which to acknowledge the National Research Foundation (NRF) South Africa for their funding support.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. T. Akinlabi
    • 1
  • O. S. Fatoba
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. A. Akinlabi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, Faculty of Engineering and the Built EnvironmentUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Technology, Faculty of Engineering and the Built EnvironmentUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

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