• Slávka Otčenášová


Otčenášová describes the case of the history textbook A History of Slovakia and the Slovaks that was recommended for use in schools across Slovakia in the mid-1990s and became one of the most controversial books published in the country. The textbook, an overview of national history written in the style of a chronicle, was approved for publication by the Ministry of Education and financed from the European Union (EU) programme Phare. The ensuing controversy around historical inaccuracies, nationalism and xenophobia led to both national debate and international discussion. The defining factor of the whole controversy was the authoritarian approach of the Ministry of Education, which introduced the textbook without prior consultation from scholars and only reluctantly withdrew support for the publication’s use after EU intervention.

Further Reading

  1. Ďurica, M. Priblížiť sa k pravde [To Come Closer to Truth]. Bratislava: Slovenské pedagogické nakladateľstvo, 1998.Google Scholar
  2. Ðurašković, S. ‘The Politics of History in Croatia and Slovakia in the 1990s’. PhD dissertation, University of Ljubljana, 2013.Google Scholar
  3. Findor, A. Začiatky národných dejín [The Beginnings of National History]. Bratislava: Kalligram, 2011.Google Scholar
  4. King, M. ‘The Controversy Over the Textbook History of Slovakia and the Slovaks by Milan Ďurica’. PhD dissertation, University of Washington, 1999.Google Scholar
  5. Mannová, E. ‘Der Kampf um Geschichtslehrbücher in der Slowakei nach 1990 [The Battle over History Textbooks in Slovakia After 1990]’. In Umbruch im Östlichen Europa: Die nationale Wende und das kollektive Gedächtnis [Upheaval in Eastern Europe: National Reunification and Collective Memory], edited by A. Corbea-Hoisie, R. Jaworski and M. Sommer, 125–135. Innsbruck et al.: StudienVerlag, 2004.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Slávka Otčenášová
    • 1
  1. 1.Modern History and History DidacticsSapienza University of RomeRomaItaly

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