The New Method of Design and Optimization
To optimize the transport equipment via simulations, we need to verify whether the dynamic flow calculation corresponds to the real situation. Therefore, simulations must be validated and calibrated in simple processes as they need to be the same also in simulating more complex transport and storage processes, or with the smallest possible deviation from the real situation (Fig. 5.1). Each transport and storage equipment is somehow specific as well as the dynamic processes of material behavior in such machines. It is therefore necessary to perform the validation and calibration directly on the given machine. Figure 5.2 describes the use of validation with the real model and theoretical calculation of bucket elevators. The validation according to this theory is distorted, though, since the calculations related to filling and discharge from the bucket elevator are calculated by means of the mass point. As a result, validation using a physical model is used.