The First “Golden Age” of Globalization (1870–1914)

  • Julia Zinkina
  • David Christian
  • Leonid Grinin
  • Ilya Ilyin
  • Alexey Andreev
  • Ivan Aleshkovski
  • Sergey Shulgin
  • Andrey Korotayev
Part of the World-Systems Evolution and Global Futures book series (WSEGF)


The period from 1870 to the beginning of the First World War is commonly referred to as the first “golden age” of globalization. The most important manifestations of this wave of globalization can be found in the dramatic intensification of global flows of capital, goods, and migrants. A truly global market for capital emerged (to which the spread of the gold standard greatly contributed). Countries tried to create the first international regulatory system for managing capital flows at the global level. The volume of global exports increased by nearly two orders of magnitude during 1800–1913, and a major part of this increase seems to have taken place during the “golden age” of globalization. The Leviathan of modern multinational corporations was born and began to spread globally. Global migration flows reached previously unimaginable levels, especially with respect to transatlantic migration. Major flows of colonizing migration headed for the largest remaining frontier territories left on Earth. The world was truly “on the move.”


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Zinkina
    • 1
  • David Christian
    • 2
  • Leonid Grinin
    • 3
  • Ilya Ilyin
    • 4
  • Alexey Andreev
    • 4
  • Ivan Aleshkovski
    • 5
  • Sergey Shulgin
    • 1
  • Andrey Korotayev
    • 3
  1. 1.Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public AdministrationMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Macquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Higher School of EconomicsNational Research UniversityMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Faculty of Global StudiesMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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