Advertisement

Women and Work in Cuba During the First Three Decades of the Revolution, 1959–1989

  • Daliany Jerónimo Kersh
Chapter

Abstract

To situate women’s impressive advances in terms of education and employment in a historical context, this historiographic chapter examines how ideology regarding women’s employment was applied in terms of policy and practice during the first three decades of the Cuban revolution. By combining analysis of oral history testimonies with official revolutionary publications and other secondary sources, this chapter explores the direct confrontation between revolutionary polices inspired by Marxist ideology and traditional patriarchal cultural norms. Although Jerónimo Kersh demonstrates how the revolution failed to achieve gender equality in the private sphere, by juxtaposing examples of other socialist, regional, and capitalist countries, she highlights how Cuba managed to achieve more substantial gender equality in the public sphere than in other countries during these decades.

Bibliography

  1. Berg, Mette Louise, 2011, Diasporic Generations: Memory, Politics, and Nation among Cubans in Spain, New York Berghahn BooksGoogle Scholar
  2. Bradley, Harriet, 1989, Men’s Work, Women’s Work, Cambridge, Polity PressGoogle Scholar
  3. Bunck, Julie, 1994, Fidel Castro & the Quest for a Revolutionary Culture in Cuba, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State University PressGoogle Scholar
  4. Catasús, S., Farnos, A., González, F., Grove, R., Hernández, R., and Morejón, B., 1988, Cuban Women—Changing Roles and Population Trends, Geneva, International Labor OfficeGoogle Scholar
  5. De la Fuente, Alejandro, 2001, A Nation for All; Race, Inequality and Politics in Twentieth-Century Cuba, Chapel Hill. University of North Carolina PressGoogle Scholar
  6. Díaz González, Elena, August 1995, ‘Economic Crisis: Employment and Quality of Life in Cuba’, in Valentine M. Moghadam (ed) Economic Reforms, Women’s Employment, and Social Policies, World Development Studies 4, Wider, the United Nations UniversityGoogle Scholar
  7. Domínguez, Jorge, 1978, Cuba: Order and Revolution, Cambridge Massachusetts, Belknap Press of Harvard University PressGoogle Scholar
  8. Elizalde, Rosa Miríam, 1996, Flores Desechables: ¿Prostitución en Cuba?, Havana, Casa EditorialGoogle Scholar
  9. Farnos, Alfonso, González, Fernando and Hernández, Raul, August 1983, The Role of Women and Demographic Change in Cuba, Population and Labor Policies Programs, working paper no 138, Geneva, International Labor OfficeGoogle Scholar
  10. Fox, Geoffrey E., 1973, ‘Honour, Shame and Women’s Liberation in Cuba: Views of working Class Émigré Men’, in Ann Pescatello (ed), Female and Male in Latin American Essays, Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, pp. 273–290Google Scholar
  11. Ghai, Dharam, Kay, Cristobal & Peek, Peter, 1988, Labor and Development in Rural Cuba, Hampshire, MacmillanCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Green, Gil, 1970, Revolution Cuban Style: Impressions of a Recent Visit, New York, International PublishersGoogle Scholar
  13. Guerra, Lillian, 2012, Visions of Power in Cuba: Revolution, Redemption, and Resistance, 1959–1971, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina PressCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jiménez, Georgina, Rubio, Vladia, Calzadilla, Iraida, Sosa, Diana, Torres, Hortensia & Luis, Roger Ricardo, 8/3/90, ‘Viviremos con la revolución o moriremos defendiendo la revolución’, Granma, pp. 1 & 3Google Scholar
  15. Kempadoo, Kamala, 1999, ‘Continuities and Change: Five Centuries of Prostitution in the Caribbean’, in Kamala Kempadoo (ed), Sun, Sex and Gold, Maryland, Rowman and Littlefield PublishersGoogle Scholar
  16. Larguia, Isabel and Dumoulin, John, 1985, ‘Women’s Equality and the Cuban Revolution’, in June Nash and Helen Safa (eds) Women and Change in Latin America, Massachusetts, Bergin & Garvey, pp. 344–68Google Scholar
  17. Leahy, Margaret E., 1986, Development Strategies and the Status of Women: a Comparative Study of the United States, Mexico, the Soviet Union and Cuba, Boulder, Lynne ReinnerGoogle Scholar
  18. Lewis, Oscar, Lewis, Ruth M & Rigdon, Susan M, 1977, Four Women; Living the Revolution, Chicago, University of Chicago PressGoogle Scholar
  19. Lievesley, Geraldine, 2004, The Cuban Revolution: Past, Present and Future Perspectives, Basingstoke, Palgrave MacmillanCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Luciak, Ilja A, 2007, Gender and Democracy in Cuba, Gainesville, University of Florida PressGoogle Scholar
  21. Malos, Ellen, 1982, The Politics of Housework, London, Allison and Busby LtdGoogle Scholar
  22. Ministerio de Justicia, 1977, La Mujer en Cuba Socialista, Havana, Empresa Editorial OrbeGoogle Scholar
  23. Moreno, José, 1971, ‘From Traditional to Modern Values,’ in Carmelo Mesa-Lago (ed) Revolutionary Change in Cuba, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh PressGoogle Scholar
  24. Murray, Nicola, 1979, ‘Socialism and Feminism: Women and the Cuban Revolution, Part Two’, Feminist Review, Volume 2, pp. 57–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Navarro Vega, Armando, 2013, Cuba, el Socialismo y Sus Éxodos, Bloomington, PalibrioGoogle Scholar
  26. Pedraza, Silvia, 2007, Political Disaffection in Cuba’s Revolution and Exodus, Cambridge, Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  27. Pérez Jr, Louis A, 2011, Cuba: Between Reform and Revolution, Oxford, Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  28. Pérez Stable, Marifelli, 2012, The Cuban Revolution: Origins, Course, and Legacy, Oxford, Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  29. Psachropoulos, George and Tzannatos, Zafiris, 1992, Women’s Employment and Pay in Latin America, Washington D.C., World BankGoogle Scholar
  30. Randall, Margaret, 1981, Women in Cuba: Twenty Years Later, New York, Smyrna PressGoogle Scholar
  31. Rosendahl, Mona, 1997, Inside the Revolution: Everyday Life in Socialist Cuba, New York, Cornell University PressGoogle Scholar
  32. Safa, Helen, 1995, The Myth of the Male Breadwinner: Women and Industrialization in the Caribbean, Colorado, Westview PressGoogle Scholar
  33. Serra, Ana, 2007, The ‘New Man’ in Cuba, Gainesville, University of Florida PressGoogle Scholar
  34. Shayne, Julie D, 2004, The Revolution Question: Feminisms in El Salvador, Chile and Cuba, New Jersey, Rutgers University PressGoogle Scholar
  35. Smith, Lois M and Padula, Alfred, 1996, Sex and Revolution: Women in Socialist Cuba, Oxford, Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  36. Stone, Elizabeth, 1981, Women and the Cuban Revolution: Speeches and Documents by Fidel Castro, Vilma Espin & Others, New York, Pathfinder PressGoogle Scholar
  37. Szikra, Dorottya, 2009, ‘Social Policy under State Socialism in Hungary 1949–56’, in Sabine Hering (ed) ‘Social Care under State Socialism; 1945–1989’, Leverkusen, Barbara Budrich PublishersGoogle Scholar
  38. The Socialist Childcare Collective, 1976, Changing Childcare; Cuba, China and the Challenging of our Own Values, Texas, Writers and Readers Publishing CooperativeGoogle Scholar
  39. Torres, Hotensia, 26/5/90, ‘Apilarían horario prolongado en círculos infantiles’, Granma, p. 2Google Scholar
  40. Women in the Americas: Bridging the Gender Gap, 1995, author unknown, Washington DC, Inter-American Development BankGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daliany Jerónimo Kersh
    • 1
  1. 1.Richmond, The American International UniversityLondonUK

Personalised recommendations