Application of a Portable Coordinate Measuring Machine onto Automotive Door Panel for Quality Inspection Activity

  • Tajul Adli bin Abdul RazakEmail author
  • B. T. Hang Tuah bin Baharudin
  • Khairul Shahril bin Shafee
  • Khairul Akmal bin Shamsuddin
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 102)


An experimental investigation was conducted to explore the feasibility of replacing the current inspection method by a portable coordinate measuring machine (CMM) for daily quality inspection in automotive industry. The experiment focusses on inspecting stamped body parts due to the significant number of inspection points that could be time consuming for inspection activities. Two inspection methods were performed, i.e. the application of checking fixture (CF) which is the current method and the second method was using a portable CMM. Both inspections were performed onto the same loose freeform surface of an outer door panel. Factors related to inspection duration, economical and data reliability were all compared to understand the practicality of replacing the current inspection method with a portable CMM. It was found that a portable CMM provide a significant shorter inspection duration, more economical and better data reliability but at the same time is unable to match the performance of conventional inspection onto freeform surface. The conclusion was made that a portable CMM alone is not sufficient to replace the current inspection method thus require further study.


Automotive industry Manufacturing Portable CMM Quality inspection 


  1. 1.
    Kahn, S., Bockholt, U., Kuijper, A., Fellner, D.W.: Towards precise real-time 3D difference detection for industrial applications. Comput. Ind. 64, 1115–1128 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Reedy, R.F., Jones, G.B.: The engineer’s role in the assurance of quality. Nucl. Eng. Des. 107, 227–234 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Michaloski, J.L., Zhao, Y.F., Lee, B.E., Rippey, W.G.: Web-enabled, real-time, quality assurance for machining production systems. Procedia CIRP 10, 332–339 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhao, Y., Xu, X., Kramer, T., Proctor, F., Horst, J.: Dimensional metrology interoperability and standardization in manufacturing systems. Comput. Stand. Interfaces 33(6), 541–555 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Butala, P., Sluga, A.: Statistical process control as a service: an industrial case study. Procedia CIRP 7, 401–406 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhao, H., Kruth, J.P., Van Gestel, N., Boeckmans, B., Bleys, P.: Automated dimensional inspection planning using the combination of laser scanner and tactile probe (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xu, J., Xi, N., Zhang, C., Shi, Q., Gregory, J.: Real-time 3D shape inspection system of automotive parts based on structured light pattern. Opt. Laser Technol. 43(1), 1–8 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bi, Z.M., Wang, L.: Advances in 3D data acquisition and processing for industrial applications. Robot. Comput. Integr. Manuf. 26(5), 403–413 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhao, H., Kruth, J.-P., Van Gestel, N., Boeckmans, B., Bleys, P.: Automated dimensional inspection planning using the combination of laser scanner and tactile probe. Measurement 45(5), 1057–1066 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    ElMaraghy, H., YangYang, X.: Computer-aided planning of laser scanning of complex geometries. CIRP Ann.—Manuf. Technol. 52(1), 411–414 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tajul Adli bin Abdul Razak
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. T. Hang Tuah bin Baharudin
    • 2
  • Khairul Shahril bin Shafee
    • 1
  • Khairul Akmal bin Shamsuddin
    • 1
  1. 1.Malaysian Spanish InstituteUniversiti Kuala LumpurKulimMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and ManufacturingUniversiti Putra MalaysiaUPM SerdangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations