Effect of the Magnetic Field on Magnetic Particles in Magnetorheological Elastomer Layers

  • Mohd Nor Hazwan HadzirEmail author
  • Muhamad Husaini Abu Bakar
  • Ishak Abdul Azid
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 102)


A Magnetorheological Elastomer (MRE) can be categorized as a smart material as it can respond when it is subjected to a magnetic field against itself. Shrinking and changing shape in MRE is due to the displacement of magnetic particle in the MRE matrix. However, the lack of understanding of the magnetic flow through magnetic particle in the elastomer matrix causes difficulties to improve the best MRE matrix type and a magnetic circuit for use in MRE devices. In this paper, a finite element magnetic method (FEMM) software has been used to investigate and to study the effect of the magnetic flow when the angle of the magnetic particle in the MRE changed. The analysis was conducted in two-dimensional cross-section (axisymmetric type) with two magnetic particles in the elastomer matrix and the magnetic core. The result shows by changing the angle of the magnetic particle, the value of the magnetic flow and magnetic flux density also change. As a conclusion, the magnetic particle arrangement in the elastomer matrix plays a vital role in designing the MRE matrix layer and MRE device. By understanding the magnetic flow through the magnetic particle, one can improve the method in the preparation of MRE matrix and MRE magnetics circuit.


Magnetorheological elastomer FEMM analysis Magnetic particle 



All the experiment and analysis conducted under System Engineering and Energy Laboratory, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysian Spanish Institute, Kulim Kedah, Malaysia.


  1. 1.
    Rakotondrabe, M.: Smart Materials-Based Actuators at the Micro/Nano-Scale (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hegde, S., Kiran, K., Gangadharan, K.V.: A novel approach to investigate effect of magnetic field on dynamic properties of natural rubber based isotropic thick magnetorheological elastomers in shear mode. J. Cent. South Univ. 22(7), 2612–2619 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Koo, J.H., Dawson, A., Jung, H.J.: Characterization of actuation properties of magnetorheological elastomers with embedded hard magnetic particles. J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 23(9), 1049–1054 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li, Y., Li, J., Li, W., Du, H.: A state-of-the-art review on magnetorheological elastomer devices. Smart Mater. Struct. 23(12), 123001 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ginder, J.M.: Magnetorheological elastomers in tunable vibration absorbers. Proc. SPIE 4331, 103–110 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sun, S.S., et al.: Development of an isolator working with magnetorheological elastomers and fluids. Mech. Syst. Signal Process. 83, 371–384 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yang, J., et al.: Development of a novel multi-layer MRE isolator for suppression of building vibrations under seismic events. Mech. Syst. Signal Process. 70–71, 811–820 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bocian, M., Kaleta, J., Lewandowski, D., Przybylski, M.: Tunable absorption system based on magnetorheological elastomers and Halbach array: design and testing. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 435, 46–57 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bica, I., Anitas, E.M., Chirigiu, L.: Magnetic field intensity effect on plane capacitors based on hybrid magnetorheological elastomers with graphene nanoparticles. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 56, 407–412 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Keip, M.A., Rambausek, M.: Computational and analytical investigations of shape effects in the experimental characterization of magnetorheological elastomers. Int. J. Solids Struct. 121, 1–20 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wahab, N.A.A., et al.: Fabrication and investigation on field-dependent properties of natural rubber based magneto-rheological elastomer isolator. Smart Mater. Struct. 25(10), 107002 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Baltzis, K.B.: The finite element method magnetics (FEMM) freeware package: may it serve as an educational tool in teaching electromagnetics? Educ. Inf. Technol. 15(1), 19–36 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohd Nor Hazwan Hadzir
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhamad Husaini Abu Bakar
    • 1
  • Ishak Abdul Azid
    • 1
  1. 1.System Engineering and Energy LaboratoryMalaysian Spanish Institute, Universiti Kuala LumpurKulimMalaysia

Personalised recommendations