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Plant-Mediated Fabrication of Gold Nanoparticles and Their Applications

  • Azamal Husen
  • Qazi Inamur Rahman
  • Muhammad Iqbal
  • Mansur Osman Yassin
  • Rakesh Kumar Bachheti
Chapter

Abstract

In the recent years, gold nanoparticles (NPs) have been extensively studied for their widespread uses, particularly in biology, medicine, and agriculture. Of the physical, chemical, and biological methods of their fabrication, the last ones are simple, cost-effective, and eco-friendly and may be easily scaled up for high yields and/or production. Plants and their extracts contain metabolites such as amines, amino acids, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, phenols, proteins, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, alkaloids, and tannins and different nutritional compounds that have been frequently and successfully used in green synthesis of gold NPs. Many phytochemicals are used as the reducing agents for producing NPs from metal salts. Their production rate and size are controlled by monitoring the concentration, pH, and temperature of plant extracts and that of the gold salt. The plant-mediated synthesized NPs have done better in various applications. This chapter provides an overview of plant-mediated fabrication of gold NPs; their characterization by UV-vis spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffractometry, and SEM/TEM, among others; and their application in various cutting-edge areas.

Keywords

Gold nanoparticles Plant extract Green synthesis Phytochemicals 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azamal Husen
    • 1
  • Qazi Inamur Rahman
    • 2
  • Muhammad Iqbal
    • 3
  • Mansur Osman Yassin
    • 4
  • Rakesh Kumar Bachheti
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of BiologyCollege of Natural and Computational Sciences, University of GondarGondarEthiopia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryCollege of Natural and Computational Sciences, University of GondarGondarEthiopia
  3. 3.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceJamia Hamdard (Deemed University)New DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryCollege of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of GondarGondarEthiopia
  5. 5.Department of Industrial ChemistryAddis Ababa Science and Technology UniversityAddis AbabaEthiopia

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