Global Climate Change Risks: Sectors and Variables’ Changes

  • Mohsen M. Aboulnaga
  • Amr F. Elwan
  • Mohamed R. Elsharouny


Climate change is a global phenomenon that refers to changes in weather patterns such as temperature, precipitation and wind which has an effect that last for an extended period of time. The impacts of climate change affect natural and human systems all over the world, and its risks can be observed in several sectors. This chapter highlights the impacts of climate change on activities and sectors in order to investigate their consequences on the built environment. The chapter also discusses global climate change impacts on different sectors such as agricultural and food security, ecosystems, forests, water, health, coastal and flood-prone zones, tourism and energy. Such impacts are summarized and analysed based on three factors: effect (positive or negative impact), occurrence (impact occurred or will occur in the future) and region (continents affected by impact). In addition, it explains the risks and rewards of climate change, along with the sectors that are mostly affected. Moreover, it determines the relative weight of the negative or positive impacts of climate change. Furthermore, the status of impacts in terms of occurrence was also listed, and continents were ranked according to their degree of exposure to climate change risks to assist in forming better assessment for potential impacts of global climate change.


Climate change risks Sectors Direct and indirect impacts Built environment Exposed continents 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohsen M. Aboulnaga
    • 1
  • Amr F. Elwan
    • 2
  • Mohamed R. Elsharouny
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Architecture, Faculty of EngineeringCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringMilitary Technical CollegeCairoEgypt
  3. 3.Architect & Out-sourced Project CoordinatorAfrican Export Import Bank (Afreximbank)CairoEgypt

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