Nanocomposites for Environmental Pollution Remediation

  • Anjali BajpaiEmail author
  • Maya Sharma
  • Laxmi Gond


Organic and inorganic contaminants polluting global water resources are concerning environmentalists and scientists. Generally, being non-biodegradable synthetic chemicals and/or highly soluble in water, they get easily mobilized in the environment. Their interaction with abiotic environmental components through adsorption onto natural colloids and accumulation by biotic components (bio-magnification) has adverse effects on ecosystems and human health. Consequently, water treatment to remove these contaminants is necessary. In this context, adsorptive decontamination of water has significant advantages over other water treatment methods. Bio-adsorption or sorption techniques, based on the use of materials of biological origin such as a biopolymer, are eco-friendly and best solution for remediation of heavy metals. Nanocomposites are the hybrid organic-inorganic materials which are effective in adsorptive decontamination of water. The property enhancement observed in nanocomposites when compared to the traditional composites is due to the dispersion of some of the components at the nano level. This chapter describes recent advances on nanocomposites based on biopolymers and inorganic clay minerals aimed at water decontamination through remediation of metal ions and synthetic organic chemicals, especially dyes, from wastewater.


Nanocomposites Bionanocomposites Adsorption Environmental remediation Water decontamination 

List of abbreviation






Carbon nanofibers


Congo red


Crystal violet


Disperse blue




Fast green






Layer by layer


Methylene blue


Malachite green




Methyl orange


Multiwall carbon nanotubes






Polyamides 6




Polymer-functionalized nanocomposites


Polymer-layered silicate nanocomposites


Persistent organic pollutants


Rose Bengal


Rhodamine B


Remazol red






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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Government Science CollegeA Centre for Excellence in Science EducationPachpedi, JabalpurIndia

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