Self-healing Bio-composites: Concepts, Developments, and Perspective

  • Zeinab KaramiEmail author
  • Sara Maleki
  • Armaghan Moghaddam
  • Arash Jahandideh


This chapter seeks to explore different types of self-healable biocomposites and their promising aspects regarding increasing the lifetime of products. From the interaction point of view, self-healable biocomposites use covalent (such as hydrogen bonding, metal-ligand interaction, and so forth) and covalent bonding (Diels-Alder and Schiff-base reaction). These covalent and non-covalent bonds in a polymer matrix make the biocomposites intrinsically self-healable. Another category of healable biocomposites is extrinsic self-healable biocomposites in which incorporating certain external healing agents such as microcapsules lead to healing in cracked regions. The superiority of intrinsic healing compared to the extrinsic method is that it can be repeated frequently in the crack region. But for microencapsulation, the healing occurs upon the rupture of microcapsules and it can impart self-healing properties to different types of matrixes as well. Also, this chapter summarizes the studies published regarding the preparation of self-healable biocomposites and the mechanisms by which the healing occurs.


Bio-based composite Self-healing Supramolecular bio-composite Diels-alder reaction 





Cellulose nanocrystals


Cucurbit uril




Elastin-like polypeptides


Graphene oxide


Metallo-supramolecular polymer


Multi-wall carbon nanotubes


Natural rubber







Ag NWs

Silver nanowires


Ultraviolet radiation




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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zeinab Karami
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sara Maleki
    • 1
  • Armaghan Moghaddam
    • 1
  • Arash Jahandideh
    • 1
  1. 1.Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI)TehranIran

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