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Self-healing Bio-composites: Concepts, Developments, and Perspective

  • Zeinab KaramiEmail author
  • Sara Maleki
  • Armaghan Moghaddam
  • Arash Jahandideh
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter seeks to explore different types of self-healable biocomposites and their promising aspects regarding increasing the lifetime of products. From the interaction point of view, self-healable biocomposites use covalent (such as hydrogen bonding, metal-ligand interaction, and so forth) and covalent bonding (Diels-Alder and Schiff-base reaction). These covalent and non-covalent bonds in a polymer matrix make the biocomposites intrinsically self-healable. Another category of healable biocomposites is extrinsic self-healable biocomposites in which incorporating certain external healing agents such as microcapsules lead to healing in cracked regions. The superiority of intrinsic healing compared to the extrinsic method is that it can be repeated frequently in the crack region. But for microencapsulation, the healing occurs upon the rupture of microcapsules and it can impart self-healing properties to different types of matrixes as well. Also, this chapter summarizes the studies published regarding the preparation of self-healable biocomposites and the mechanisms by which the healing occurs.

Keywords

Bio-based composite Self-healing Supramolecular bio-composite Diels-alder reaction 

Abbreviations

BG

Bioglass

CNCs

Cellulose nanocrystals

CB

Cucurbit uril

DA

Diels-Alder

ELP

Elastin-like polypeptides

GO

Graphene oxide

MSP

Metallo-supramolecular polymer

MWCNTs

Multi-wall carbon nanotubes

NR

Natural rubber

PDAP

Polydopamine

PU

Polyurethane

PCL

Poly(ε-caprolactone)

Ag NWs

Silver nanowires

UV

Ultraviolet radiation

UPy

Ureidopyrimidinone

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Zeinab Karami
    • 1
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  1. 1.Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI)TehranIran

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