Nanocellulose-Reinforced Adhesives for Wood-Based Panels

  • Elaine Cristina Lengowski
  • Eraldo Antonio Bonfatti Júnior
  • Marina Mieko Nishidate Kumode
  • Mayara Elita Carneiro
  • Kestur Gundappa SatyanarayanaEmail author


Considering that the solid wood, being a heterogeneous and anisotropic product, presents several disadvantages such as unsatisfactory mechanical properties for certain uses and limitations of wood due to dimensions of wood pieces, reconstituted wood products have been developed by gluing of veener, boards, lignocellulosic fibers, etc., which are joined using adhesives. It should be noted that changes in adhesion to wood are desirable in terms of performance improvement and adhesive economy. Within the constant search for better performance of adhesives, the use of nanocelluloses appears as a viable option. Further, identification of reinforcement of adhesives with nanocellulose is being considered as an opportunity among the several opportunities offered by nanotechnology for the forest products industry. Use of nanocelluloses as reinforcements in adhesives for the production of reconstituted wood panels has several benefits such as possibility of altering the properties of adhesives, gain in mechanical and physical properties of panels and reduction in formaldehyde emissions by panels using synthetic adhesives. Accordingly, this chapter discusses the main types of reconstituted wood panels, types and characteristics of the adhesives employed, aspects that influence the bonding and use of additives in the glue mixture. Besides, it also addresses the use of nanocellulose and its effects on the properties of reconstituted wood panels. Despite all the advantages emntioned above, the Chapter ends with the conclusion that there are still some problems to be looked into suggesting need for more research either in the application of nanocellulose and its modification in different types of resin, as well as application technologies appropriate to the new conditions of the adhesives.


Adheisves Forest products Wood panels Nanocellulose Physico-Chemical properties 



At the outset, the authors express their sincere thanks to the Editors of the book (Inamuddin, Sabu Thomas, Raguvendra Mishra and Abdullah M. Asiri), particularly Prof. Inamuddin for inviting us to contribute this Chapter. The authors place on record and appreciate the kind permission given by some of the authors (who have given permission to use their figures), M/s. Elsevier Inc Publishers, IN TECH d.o.o., Rijeka (Croatia), Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute with the scientific cooperation of Iran Polymer Society, Royal Society of Chemistry, UK, Chemical Retrieval on the Web (CROW), Springer and Wiley Publishers to reproduce some of the figures from their publications free of charges. One of the authors (KGS) would like to thank the PPISR, Bangalore-India with whom he is associated with presently for their encouragement and interest in this collaboration.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elaine Cristina Lengowski
    • 1
  • Eraldo Antonio Bonfatti Júnior
    • 2
  • Marina Mieko Nishidate Kumode
    • 3
  • Mayara Elita Carneiro
    • 2
  • Kestur Gundappa Satyanarayana
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Forestry EngineeringFederal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT)CuiabáBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Forest Engineering and Technology (DETF)Federal University of Paraná (UFPR)CuritibaBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratory of WoodPontifical Catholic UniversityCuritibaBrazil
  4. 4.PIPE & Department of ChemistryFederal University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil
  5. 5.Poornaprajna Scientific Research Institute (PPISR)Devanahalli, BangaloreIndia

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