An Overview on Plant Fiber Technology: An Interdisciplinary Approach

  • Alan Miguel Brum da Silva
  • Sandra Maria da LuzEmail author
  • Irulappasamy Siva
  • Jebas Thangiah Winowlin Jappes
  • Sandro Campos Amico


Researches on plant fibers for composite applications are increasing due to the demand of materials from renewable sources, which do not consume fossil fuels during manufacture, thus avoiding greenhouse gas emissions. An interdisciplinary approach is required to cover all aspects of plant fiber research, but the actual literature shows many gaps in this sense, where many works are limited in one field of study and may present unclear conclusions. To solve this problem, we did a systematic approach in the literature to provide a review of key aspects of plant fibers, regarding biology, chemistry, and engineering.


Lignocellulosic fibers Cell wall chemistry Surface modification Composite materials Interdisciplinary approach 

List of Abbreviations


Compound middle lamella


Degree of polymerization


Guaiacyl (G)










Transmission electron microscopy


Microfibrillar angle


Middle lamella


Hydroxyl groups


Primary wall


Rhamnogalacturonan I


Rhamnogalacturonan II


Resin transfer molding




Secondary wall 1


Secondary wall 2


Secondary wall 3


Sheet molding compound



The authors wish to thank the CNPq, Capes and FAP-DF for financial assistance during this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Miguel Brum da Silva
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sandra Maria da Luz
    • 2
    Email author
  • Irulappasamy Siva
    • 3
  • Jebas Thangiah Winowlin Jappes
    • 3
  • Sandro Campos Amico
    • 1
  1. 1.PPG3 M, Federal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Gama Campus—University of BrasíliaBrasília, Federal DistrictBrazil
  3. 3.Centre for Composite Materials, Kalasalingam UniversityAnand NagarIndia

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