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Inorganic Nanocomposite Hydrogels: Present Knowledge and Future Challenge

  • Nasrin MoiniEmail author
  • Arash Jahandideh
  • Gary Anderson
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter introduces and discusses the nanocomposite hydrogels, based on inorganic particles, including inorganic ceramics (clays), and nanofillers of carbon, silicon, metal, and metal oxide. Various nanoparticle preparation methods will be presented in brief. Depending on the inorganic particle types, assorted preparation methods for nanocomposite hydrogels, and their corresponding characterization methods will be assessed. Inorganic particles not only improve the mechanical strength of these soft materials (gels) but also confer specific properties into the gel networks; stimuli-responsive hydrogels are good examples. Nanocomposite hydrogels have been engineered to be used in various applications, including tissue engineering, drug delivery, water treatment, conductive materials, optoelectronic, and supercapacitors. Furthermore, stimuli-responsiveness feature, the ability of bio-fabrication, and the capability of 3D printing introduce them as potential candidates for the fabrication of smart materials with complicated structures.

Keywords

Hydrogels Composite Inorganic nanoparticle Nanocomposite Gel networks Stimuli-responsive 

Abbreviation

(1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl) carbodiimide

EDC

2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid

AMPS

Acrylamide

AAm

Acrylic acid

AA

Carbon nanotube

CNT

Carboxy methyl cellulose

CMC

Cellulose nanocrystal

CNC

Cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide

CTAB

Copolymer

co

Double network

DB

Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate

EGDMA

Graft

g

Graphene oxide

GO

Graphene

G

Hydroxyapatite

nHA

Hydroxyethoxyethyl metha-crylate

HEEMA

Hydroxyethyl methacrylate

HEMA

Interpenetrating polymer network

IPN

Lower critical solution temperature

LCST

Magnetic field

MF

Montmorillonite

MMT

N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide

HPMA

N,N-dimethylacrylamide

DMA

Nanocomposite Hydrogel

NCH

Nanocomposite

NC

Nanoparticle

NP

N-isopropyl acrylamide

NIPAm

Poly(acrylic acid)

PAA

Poly(dimethylacrylamide)

PDMA

Poly(ethylene glycol) acrylate

PEGA

Poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate

PEGDA

Poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate

PEGDMA

Poly(ethylene glycol)

PEG

Poly(ethylene oxide)

PEO

Poly(fluorine)

PF

Poly(methacrylic acid)

PMAA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

PMMA

Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide)

PNIPAm

Poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone)

PVP

Polyaniline

PAN

Polycarbonate

PC

Polyvinyl alcohol

PVA

Sodium acrylate

SA

Sodium n-dodecyl sulfate

SDS

Tetraethyl orthosilicate

TEOS

Vinyl acetate

VAc

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Adhesive and Resin DepartmentIran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI)TehranIran
  2. 2.Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering DepartmentSouth Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA

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