Smart Materials, Magnetic Graphene Oxide-Based Nanocomposites for Sustainable Water Purification

  • Janardhan Reddy Koduru
  • Rama Rao KarriEmail author
  • N. M. Mubarak


Magnetic separation, one of the potential methods for the purification of toxic pollutant contaminated water, has been found to be an alternative technique for the removal of water pollutants that effectively compares with the conventional methods of treatment. Among the synthetic magnetic adsorbents, magnetic graphene oxide based nanocomposites (MGOs) have been widely used in the removal of metal pollutants and dyes from aqueous solution, and are currently attracting much attention. This chapter reviews the status and approaches of the properties of graphene and magnetic graphene oxide nanocomposites, in view of their utilization for the adsorption removal of pollutants (heavy metals, radioactive elements, organic dyes, and other pollutants) for sustainable water purification. It also reviews the primary characterization instruments required for the evaluation of structural, chemical and physical functionalities of synthesized magnetic graphene oxide nanocomposites. It first discusses pollutants and their toxic effects, and the necessity of preparation of MGOs, and then discusses in brief MGOs preparation strategies, characterizations, and applications for sustainable water purification.


Magnetic graphene oxide Nanocomposites Water treatment Heavy metals Radionuclides and dyes Pesticides and herbicides 



This work has been supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP) (2017R1C1B5016656) of the Korea Government, Seoul, Korea.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janardhan Reddy Koduru
    • 1
  • Rama Rao Karri
    • 2
    Email author
  • N. M. Mubarak
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringKwangwoon UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Petroleum and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi BruneiGadongBrunei Darussalam
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and ScienceCurtin UniversityMiriMalaysia

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