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Polymers and Polymer Composites for Adsorptive Removal of Dyes in Water Treatment

  • Weiya Huang
  • Shuhong Wang
  • Dan LiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The discharge of wastewater containing dyes causes severe problems worldwide, which must be properly treated before entering the environment. Adsorption is believed to be one of the favourable techniques to remove dyes because of its environmental and economic sustainability. This chapter reviewed the recent development of polymers and polymer composites reported as adsorbents for treating dye-contaminated wastewater, including surface modification/functionalization of polymers, polyaniline and its composites, magnetic polymer composites, polymer/clay composites and polymer/by-products or waste composites. The adsorption performance of adsorbents was discussed in correlation with a number of factors, such as the properties of dyes, surface chemistry or structures of adsorbents, as well as operation conditions, e.g. initial dye concentration, solution pH, temperature, and the presence of other salts, etc. In addition, the regeneration and reusability of developed adsorbents were covered.

Keywords

Polymer Composite Adsorption Dye Wastewater 

List of Abbreviations

AB 25

Acid blue 25

AF

Acid fuchsin

AB

Amido black 10B

AS

Almond shell waste

APT

Attapulgite

BY 28

Basic yellow 28

BF

Basic fuchsin

BV 14

Basic violet 14

CFA

Coal fly ash

CNT

Carbon nanotube

CMC

Carboxymethyl cellulose

mCS/CNT

Magnetic chitosan-decorated carbon nanotube

CR

Congo red

CV

Crystal violet

Bent/CMC-g-P(DMAEMA)

Carboxymethyl cellulose grafted by poly(2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate) modified bentonite

DB

Direct blue 199

ES

Emeraldine salt

EB

Emeraldine base

EY

Eosin Y

GV

Gentian violet

HA-Am-PAA-B

Humic acid-immobilized amine modified polyacrylamide/bentonite composite

TRGO/PVA

Hydrothermally reduced graphene oxide/poly (vinyl alcohol)

hPEI-CE

Hyperbranched polyethyleneimine functionalized cellulose

IC

Indigo carmine

MNPs

Magnetic nanoparticles

MS

Mesoporous silica

MB

Methylene blue

MG

Methylene green

MO

Methyl orange

NR

Neutral red

OVS

Octavinylsilsesquioxane

OR

Oil red O

PAM

Polyacrylamide

PVI

Poly(1-vinyl imidazole)

PSSMA

Poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) sodium

PSSMA/M-rGO

Poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) sodium modified magnetic reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite

Mt

Montmorillonite

Pal

Palygorskite

poly(AN-co-ST)

Poly(acrylonitrile-co-styrene)

PAMAM

Polyamidoamine

PANI

Polyaniline

PANI -FP

Polyaniline-coated filter papers

PANI–MS@Fe3O4

Polyaniline functionalized magnetic mesoporous silica composite

PEI

Polyethyleneimine

PmPD

Poly(m-phenylenediamine)

PGA

Poly(γ-glutamic acid)

PVA

Poly (vinyl alcohol)

PV

Proflavine

r-GO-PIL

PVI polymer functionalized reduced graphene oxide

RB5

Reactive black 5

RR228

Reactive red 228

RB

Rhodamine B

RB2

Rose Bengal

TC

Tetracycline

TPE

Tetraphenylethylene

PAmABAmPD

Terpolymer of aniline/m-aminobenzoic acid/m-phenylenediamine

TCAS

Thiacalix[4]arene tetrasulfonate

β-CD

β-cyclodextrin

20CMC-Bent

20% of CMC in the total amount of CMC + Bent composite

RR2

Reactive red 2

MDI

4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate

TAT

1,3,5-triacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge funding from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.21607064, No.21263005 and No.21567008), and Qingjiang youth Talent program of Jiangxi University of Science and Technology (No. JXUSTQJYX20170005).

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Metallurgy and Chemical EngineeringJiangxi University of Science and TechnologyGanzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Engineering and Information TechnologyMurdoch UniversityMurdochAustralia

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