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Recent Advances in Paper-Based Analytical Devices: A Pivotal Step Forward in Building Next-Generation Sensor Technology

  • Charu Agarwal
  • Levente CsókaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Of late, the paper has attracted the significant attention of researchers as a substrate for sensing devices. Paper is a fibrous network of cellulose, a ubiquitous biopolymer, which is fast emerging as a sustainable raw material and replacing the non-renewable ones. Paper possesses many striking features such as hydrophilicity and low-cost, which make it an excellent choice for sensing platforms. Paper-based sensing devices are flexible, foldable, portable, economical, user-friendly and disposable. Recently, numerous works have reported the use of paper substrates for sensor fabrication in the fields of biomedical health care, environmental analysis, food and water quality, and forensics. The current chapter aims to present a concise overview of the recent developments in the area of paper-based sensing, particularly in the ongoing decade. It briefly discusses the sensing approach for the detection of various analytes and focuses on their applications in various sectors.

Keywords

Paper-based sensing devices Biomedical Environmental Food safety Colorimetric Electrochemical Luminescence SERS 

List of Abbreviations

µPADs

Microfluidic paper-based analytical devices

Ab

Antibody

ABTS

2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)

ACV

Alternating current voltammetry

AEC

3-amino-9-ethylcarbazole

AFP

α-fetoprotein

AKD

Alkyl ketene dimer

AP

Absorbent pad

BA

Biogenic amines

BDDE

Boron-doped diamond electrode

BHB

β-hydroxybutyrate

BPA

Bisphenol A

CA125

Carcinoma antigen 125

CA199

Carcinoma antigen 199

CB

Carbon black

CBM

Carbohydrate binding molecule

CEA

Carcinoembryonic antigen

CFU

Colony forming units

CNCs

Carbon nanocrystals

CPRG

Chlorophenol red β-galactopyranoside

Cy3

Cyanine 3

DAB

3,3′-diaminobenzidine

DAP

1,8-diaminonaphthalene

ECL

Electrochemiluminescent

eGFP

Enhanced green fluorescent protein

ELISA

Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay

FRET

Förster resonance energy transfer

GA

Glucoamylase

GNPs

Gold nanoparticles

GNRs

Gold nanorods

GO

Graphene oxide

GOx

Glucose oxidase

GQDs

Graphene quantum dots

HPV

Human papillomavirus

HRP

Horseradish peroxidase

IgG

Immunoglobulin G

LFIA

Lateral flow immunoassay

LRET

Luminescence resonance energy transfer

LSPR

Localized surface plasmon resonance

MEMS

Micro-electro-mechanical systems

MIP

Molecularly imprinted polymers

MNPs

Magnetic nanoparticles

NPs

Nanoparticles

NQS

Sodium 1,2-naphthoquinone-4-sulfonate

OTB

O-toluidine blue

PATP

P-aminothiophenol

PB

Prussian blue

PBS

Phosphate buffered saline

PC

Phycocyanin

PC-paper

Parylene C-coated paper

PEC

Photoelectrochemical

PEDOT:PSS

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate)

PL

Photoluminescence

POC

Point-of-care

poly(DAB)

Poly-3,3′-diaminobenzidine

PVP

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

QDs

Quantum dots

R6G

Rhodamine-6G

RDX

1,3,5-trinitroperhydro-1,3,5-triazine

RGO

Reduced graphene oxide

SCO

Spin-crossover

SEM

Scanning electron micrographs

SERS

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy

SP

Sample pad

SPCE

Screen-printed carbon electrode

SWV

Square wave voltammetry

TA

Thioctic acid

TBPB

Tetrabromophenol blue

TG

Thioguanine

Thi

Thionine

TMB

3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine

TMPyP

5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridinio)porphyrin tetraiodide

TNT

2,4,6-trinitrotoluene

TPA

Tri-n-propylamine

ubi

Ubiquitin

UV-Vis

Ultraviolet-visible

WHO

World health organization

Notes

Acknowledgements

CA is grateful to the Tempus Public Foundation (TPF) for providing financial assistance under the Stipendium Hungaricum Programme. This chapter was also made in frame of the “EFOP-3.6.1-16-2016-00018—Improving the role of research + development + innovation in the higher education through institutional developments assisting intelligent specialization in Sopron and Szombathely.”

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Wood Based Products and TechnologiesUniversity of SopronSopronHungary

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