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Crop Rotation pp 137-162 | Cite as

Suggested Crop Rotations to Increase Food Security and Reduce Water Scarcity

  • Abd El-Hafeez Zohry
  • Samiha Ouda
Chapter

Abstract

Implementing crop rotations could attain the sustainable use of natural resources in Egypt. The objective of this chapter was to present the prevailing crop rotations in different soil type at the five agro-climatic zones of Egypt. Furthermore, different crop rotations were suggested to be implemented in these agro-climatic zones to increase food production and save on the applied irrigation water. The results indicated that considerable amounts of irrigation water could be saved under suggested crop rotations in each agro-climatic zone as a result of implementing intercropping systems on raised beds. The results also revealed that in the first agro-climatic zone, water saving was 20 and 16% in calcareous and salt-affected soils, respectively. Water saving was 2 and 9% in sandy and clay soils, respectively, in the second agro-climatic zone. In the third agro-climatic zone, 7 and 5% of irrigation water could be saved in salt-affected and clay soils, respectively. Water saving by 4 and 13% in sandy and clay soils, respectively, in the fourth agro-climatic zone. Finally, in the fifth agro-climatic zone, the applied water to the prevailing fall and spring sugarcane rotations was the same as the applied water to the suggested rotations; however, the number of cultivated crops in the prevailing rotations was lower than its counterpart value in the suggested rotations. Thus, the suggested crop rotations could increase food security and reduce water scarcity.

Keywords

Agro-climatic zone Raised beds cultivation Cultivation of three crops per year Intercropping systems 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Field Crops Research InstituteAgricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Soil, Water and Environment Research InstituteAgricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt

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