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Crop Rotation pp 111-136 | Cite as

Crop Rotation and Edible Oil Production–Consumption Gap in Egypt

  • Abd El-Hafeez Zohry
  • Samiha Ouda
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, we quantified the effect of using intensive cropping on increasing the cultivated area of selected edible oil crops using data published in 2015 and projected data in 2030 in the five agro-climatic zones of Egypt. Five edible oil crops were selected, namely cotton, soybean, sunflower, maize, and flax. In 2015, the cultivated area of cotton could be increased by relay intercropping with wheat and onion. Soybean cultivated area could be increased by intercropping it with maize, sorghum, sugarcane, and under fruit trees. It could also relay intercropped with wheat and it could be cultivated as early summer crop after sugar beet and faba bean. With respect to sunflower, it could be intercropped with summer tomato, sugarcane, and under fruit trees. It could be also relay intercropped with wheat and could be cultivated as early summer crop after sugar beet and faba bean. Regarding maize, it could be intercropped with summer tomato, peanut, and sorghum. Finally, flax could be intercropped with sugar beet and faba bean. The potential increase in the cultivated area of the selected oil crops under the suggested intensive cropping systems could reach 90%. Climate change scenario RCP6.0 resulted from MIROC5 model in 2030 was used to calculate the expected increase in the water requirements of the studied crops. Thus, if the suggested intensive cropping systems will be implemented in 2030, the projected increase in the cultivated area of these selected crops will be reduced by 11%. The rotational effect on its cultivated crops was observed in the studied two- and three-year crop rotations implemented in Sharq El-Owainat region, where the yield of the cultivated crops were increased in the last year of the rotation, compared the first year. Furthermore, the suggested crop rotation could be implemented in the marginal lands of Egypt to increase the yield of edible oil crops and reduce its production–consumption gap.

Keywords

Intercropping systems Intensive cropping MIROC5 climate change model RCP6.0 climate change scenario 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Field Crops Research InstituteAgricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Soil, Water and Environment Research InstituteAgricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt

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