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Crop Rotation Defeats Pests and Weeds

  • Abd El-Hafeez Zohry
  • Samiha Ouda
Chapter

Abstract

One of the most important benefits of applying crop rotation was to prevent the spread of pests, weeds, and diseases through rotating the crops, where inclusion of breaking phases decreases its population dynamics. Within crop rotation, certain crop sequence might be more effective in reducing the incidence of a specific disease, insects, and/or weeds than others. An effective crop rotation deployment might limit, or even eliminate, the need for herbicide applications to control the dominant weed species. The important role of crop rotation in defeating pests and weeds was discussed in this chapter. Furthermore, the implemented crop rotations in Egypt to control pests and weeds were also discussed. The use of two-year and three-year crop rotations to control weeds resulted in a reduction by 31 and 57%, respectively, in the weeds associated with cotton. Crop rotation reduced the associated weed with wheat and maize by 35 and 53%, respectively. In highly intensive crop rotation, the associated weeds with wheat, maize, and cotton were reduced by 51, 70, and 66%, respectively. The reduction in the pests, weeds, and diseases populations indirectly and positively reflected on crops production and food security.

Keywords

Crops pests Crops diseases Weeds control Associated weeds with cotton Associated weeds with maize Associated weeds with wheat 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Field Crops Research InstituteAgricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Soil, Water and Environment Research InstituteAgricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt

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