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Crop Rotation Maintains Soil Sustainability

  • Samiha Ouda
  • Abd El-Hafeez Zohry
  • Tahany Noreldin
Chapter

Abstract

Soil sustainability can be maintained by implementing crop rotations. The review of the previous research in this topic revealed that crop rotation can improve physical, chemical, and biological soil properties, which indirectly results in an increase in the productivity of the associated crops in the rotation. In this chapter, we reviewed the previous literature concerning the positive effects of implementing crop rotation instead of monoculture cultivation on soil physical, chemical, and biological characteristics. Crop rotation improves soil structure and reduces bulk density. It improves soil pH and reduces soil EC, as well as it increases soil organic matter content and soil microbial biomass. In addition, we reviewed previous research done on crop rotations implemented nationally and internationally. The review process revealed that an improvement in soil fertility was obtained when legume crops included in the rotation. Furthermore, the choice of crops within the rotation and their sequence are crucial if nutrients cycling within the field system are to be optimized and losses minimized. The implemented crop rotations in Egypt improved soil properties and increased its sustainability. The advantage of using crop rotation indirectly and positively reflected on crops production, and directly and will be positively reflected on food security.

Keywords

Soil structure Soil water Bulk density Soil pH CEC EC Soil organic matter Soil microbial biomass 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samiha Ouda
    • 1
  • Abd El-Hafeez Zohry
    • 2
  • Tahany Noreldin
    • 1
  1. 1.Soil, Water and Environment Research InstituteAgricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Field Crops Research InstituteAgricultural Research CenterGizaEgypt

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