Advertisement

Spark Plasma Sintering as a Route for Producing In-Demand Microstructures: Application to the Tensile-Ductility Enhancement of Polycrystalline Nickel

  • P. LangloisEmail author
  • D. Tingaud
  • G. Dirras
Chapter

Abstract

Metallic materials exhibit properties that, besides the chemical composition, strongly depend on their microstructure; controlling their elaboration process and understanding how the microstructure will evolve, i.e. how the material will behave, are therefore of prior importance. An innovative strategy to work out texture-free large-volume bulk forms with controlled microstructures (from mono- to multimodal) for structural applications has been developed. Aside from the fundamental understanding purposes, the methodology helps level off the mechanical properties, and potentially other physical properties, by fine-tuning the microstructure. Within the bottom-up approach, it translates into the powder metallurgy route and relates more especially to spark plasma sintering as a highly suitable technique for implementing, in terms of process control, the increasingly complex structures that are being sought, in terms of material design, for optimal performances in relation with each foreseen application. In the framework of this chapter, the methodology is presented for the case of polycrystalline nickel, in relation to tensile-ductility enhancement, and refers mostly to the works performed in our research group over the past decade. At a later stage, the developed methodology is expected to open on many other innovative microstructures and corollary new physical and mechanical properties.

Keywords

Material design Functionally graded materials Spark plasma sintering Process control Nickel Ductility 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Amongst the too numerous collaborators for them all to be named here, the authors willingly extract the names of Drs Q.H. Bui, L. Farbaniec, and G.D. Dutel. They are also grateful for the support provided by the French research funding agency ANR through grant ANR-09-BLAN-0010.

References

  1. Arnaud C, Lecouturier F, Mesguich D, Ferreira N, Chevallier G, Estournès C, Weibel A, Peigney A, Laurent C (2016) High strength–high conductivity nanostructured copper wires prepared by spark plasma sintering and room-temperature severe plastic deformation. Mater Sci Eng A 64:209–213.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2015.09.122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhattacharjee PP, Sinha SK, Upadhyaya A (2007) Effect of sintering temperature on grain boundary character distribution in pure nickel. Scr Mater 56:13–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2006.09.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Borkar T, Banerjee R (2014) Influence of spark plasma sintering (SPS) processing parameters on microstructure and mechanical properties of nickel. Mater Sci Eng A 618:176–181.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2014.08.070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bousnina MA, Dakhlaoui Omrani A, Schoenstein F, Madec P, Haddadi H, Smiri LS, Jouini N (2010) Spark plasma sintering and hot isostatic pressing of nickel nanopowders elaborated by a modified polyol process and their microstructure, magnetic and mechanical characterization. J Alloys Compd 504S:S323–S327.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.02.142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bui QH (2008) Polycristaux à grains ultrafins élaborés par métallurgie des poudres: microstructures, propriétés mécaniques et modélisation micromécanique. Thesis (PhD), Université Paris 13Google Scholar
  6. Bui QH, Dirras G, Ramtani S, Gubicza J (2010) On the strengthening behavior of ultrafine-grained nickel processed from nanopowders. Mater Sci Eng A 527:3227–3235.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2010.02.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dirras G, Gubicza J, Ramtani S, Bui QH, Szilágyi T (2010) Microstructure and mechanical characteristics of bulk polycrystalline Ni consolidated from blends of powders with different particle sizes. Mater Sci Eng A 527:1206–1214.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2009.09.050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dirras G, Tingaud T, Csiszár G, Gubicza J, Couque H, Mompiou F (2014) Characterization of bulk bimodal polycrystalline nickel deformed by direct impact loadings. Mater Sci Eng A 601:48–57.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2014.02.043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dirras G, Tingaud T, Ueda D, Hocini A, Ameyama K (2017a) Dynamic Hall-Petch versus grain-size gradient effects on the mechanical behavior under simple shear loading of β-titanium Ti-25Nb-25Zr alloys. Mater Lett 206:214–216.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2017.07.027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dirras G, Ueda D, Hocini A, Tingaud T, Ameyama K (2017b) Cyclic shear behavior of conventional and harmonic structure-designed Ti-25Nb-25Zr β-titanium alloy: Back-stress hardening and twinning inhibition. Scr Mater 138:44–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2017.05.033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dolbec R, Bolduc M, Fan X, Guo J, Jurewicz J, Labrot T, Xue S, Boulos M (2008) Nanopowders synthesis at industrial-scale production using the inductively coupled plasma technology. In: Technical proceedings of NSTI-Nanotech 2008 conference, Boston, 1–5 June 2008Google Scholar
  12. Dutel GD (2013) Comportement mécanique et mécanismes de déformation et d’endommagement de polycristaux de nickel mono- et bi-modaux élaborés par SPS. Thesis (PhD), Université Paris 13Google Scholar
  13. Dutel GD, Tingaud D, Langlois P, Dirras G (2012) Nickel with multimodal grain size distribution achieved by SPS: microstructure and mechanical properties. J Mater Sci 47:7926–7931.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-012-6670-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dutel GD, Langlois P, Tingaud D, Dirras G (2013) Room-temperature deformation micro-mechanisms of polycrystalline nickel processed by spark plasma sintering. Mater Charact 79:76–83.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2013.02.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dutel GD, Langlois P, Tingaud D, Vrel D, Dirras G (2017) Data on the influence of cold isostatic pre-compaction on mechanical properties of polycrystalline nickel sintered using spark plasma sintering. Data Brief 11:61–67.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2017.01.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ebrahimi F, Bourne GR, Kelly MS, Matthews TE (1999) Mechanical properties of nanocrystalline nickel produced by electrodeposition. Nanostruct Mater 11:343–350.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0965-9773(99)00050-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Farbaniec L, Dirras G, Krawczynska A, Mompiou F, Couque H, Naimi F, Bernard F, Tingaud D (2014) Powder metallurgy processing and deformation characteristics of bulk multimodal nickel. Mater Charact 94:126–137.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2014.05.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fedorov AA, Gutkin MY, Ovid’ko IA (2002) Triple junction diffusion and plastic flow in fine-grained materials. Scr Mater 47:51–55.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-6462(02)00096-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fu Y, Shearwwod C (2004) Characterization of nanocrystalline TiNi powder. Scr Mater 50:319–323.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2003.10.018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gubicza J, Bui HQ, Fellah F, Dirras GF (2009) Microstructure and mechanical behavior of ultrafine-grained Ni processed by different metallurgy methods. J Mater Res 24:217–226.  https://doi.org/10.1557/JMR.2009.0010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hall EO (1951) The deformation and ageing of mild steel: III discussion of results. Proc Phys Soc Lond B 64:747–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Krasilnikov N, Lojkowski W, Pakiela Z, Valiev R (2005) Tensile strength and ductility of ultrafine grained nickel processed by severe plastic deformation. Mater Sci Eng A 397:330–337.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2005.03.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Langlois P, Fagnon N, Dirras G (2010) Microstructure engineering from metallic powder blends for enhanced mechanical properties. J Phys Conf Ser 240:012016.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/240/1/012016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu J, Li J, Dirras G, Ameyama K, Cazes F, Ota M (2018) A three-dimensional multi-scale polycrystalline plasticity model coupled with damage for pure Ti with harmonic structure design. Int J Plast 100:192–207.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijplas.2017.10.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Minier L, Le Gallet S, Grin J, Bernard F (2010) Influence of the current flow on the SPS sintering of a Ni powder. J Alloys Compd 508:412–418.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.08.077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Minier L, Le Gallet S, Grin J, Bernard F (2012) A comparative study of nickel and alumina using spark plasma sintering (SPS). Mater Chem Phys 134:243–253.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2012.02.059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Miyamoto Y, Niino M, Koizumi M (1997) FGM research programs in Japan – from structural to functional uses. In: Shiota I, Miyamoto Y (eds) Functionally graded materials 1996. Elsevier AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  28. Naimi F, Minier L, Le Gallet S, Couque H, Bernard F (2013) Dense nanostructured nickel produced by SPS from mechanically activated powders: enhancement of mechanical properties. J Nanomater:674843.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/674843
  29. Petch NJ (1953) The cleavage strength of polycrystals. J Iron Steel Res Int 175:25–28Google Scholar
  30. Sawangrat C, Kato S, Orlov D, Ameyama K (2014) Harmonic-structured copper: performance and proof of fabrication concept based on severe plastic deformation of powders. J Mater Sci 49:6579–6585.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-014-8258-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sekiguchi T, Ono K, Fujiwara H, Ameyama K (2010) New microstructure Design for Commercially Pure Titanium with outstanding mechanical properties by mechanical milling and hot roll sintering. Mater Trans 51:39–45.  https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans.MB200913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tepper F (1998) Electro-explosion of wire produces nanosize metals. Met Powder Rep 53:31–33.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0026-0657(98)80193-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tingaud D, Jenei P, Krawczynska A, Mompiou F, Gubicza J, Dirras G (2015) Investigation of deformation micro-mechanisms in nickel consolidated from a bimodal powder by spark plasma sintering. Mater Charact 99:118–127.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2014.11.025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Vajpai SK, Sawangrat C, Yamaguchi O, Ciuca OP, Ameyama K (2016) Effect of bimodal harmonic structure design on the deformation behaviour and mechanical properties of co-Cr-Mo alloy. Mater Sci Eng C 58:1008–1015.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2015.09.055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vanmeensel K, Laptev A, Van der Biest O, Vleugels J (2007) Field assisted sintering of electro-conductive ZrO2-based composites. J Eur Ceram Soc 27:979–985.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2006.04.142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang YM, Ma E (2004) Three strategies to achieve uniform tensile deformation in a nanostructured metal. Acta Mater 52:1699–1709.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2003.12.022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wang YM, Chen M, Zhou F, Ma E (2002a) High tensile ductility in a nanostructured metal. Nature 419:912–915.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang L, Tan Z, Meng S, Liang D, Liu B (2002b) Low temperature heat capacity and thermal stability of nanocrystalline nickel. Thermochim Acta\ 386:23–26.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6031(01)00724-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Xiao C, Mirshams RA, Whang SH, Yin WM (2001) Tensile behavior and fracture in nickel and carbon doped nanocrystalline nickel. Mater Sci Eng A 301:35–43.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-5093(00)01392-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Zhang Z, Vajpai SK, Orlov D, Ameyama K (2014) Improvement of mechanical properties in SUS304L steel through the control of bimodal microstructure characteristics. Mater Sci Eng A 598:106–113.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2014.01.023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhao Y, Topping T, Bingert JF, Thornton JJ, Dangelewicz AM, Li Y, Zhu Y, Zhou Y, Lavernia EJ (2008) High tensile ductility and strength in bulk nanostructured nickel. Adv Mater 20:3028–3033.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200800214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhu L, Shi S, Lu K, Lu J (2012) A statistical model for predicting the mechanical properties of nanostructured metals with bimodal grain size distribution. Acta Mater 60:5762–5772.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2012.06.059CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LSPM, Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRSVilletaneuseFrance

Personalised recommendations