Intellectual Support-Bargaining

  • Patrick Spread


‘Intellectual support-bargaining’ is support-bargaining for the assembly of support around ideas and theories that are likely to advance the interests of their formulators. Adoption of a support convention increases the dependence of a society on ideas. Theories function as frames of reference, directing attention to certain phenomena and promoting interpretations sympathetic to the interests of the theorists. Theory formation has been institutionalised in universities as the pursuit of truth. Procedures to reduce the impact of non-truth interests have been adopted most prominently in the natural sciences, where the relative stability of the phenomena makes them amenable to such procedures. The theory of support-bargaining provides a frame of reference by which the phenomenon of theory-making itself can be recognised and explained. It provides a ‘frame of frames’.


Intellectual support-bargaining Theory formation Frames of reference Narrative Support convention Scientific method 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Spread
    • 1
  1. 1.WitneyUK

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