Political Support-Bargaining

  • Patrick Spread


While individuals have strong concern for self-preservation and tend to shy away from violence, people in groups are more prone to aggression. Support-bargaining within groups, normally under external threat, generates cohesion to the point of rigidity. Rigid groups tend to have violent dispositions. Aversion to the traumas of violence has given rise to adoption of a support convention in many societies, whereby support substitutes for violence. Formal support-bargaining structures are established to give expression to support in the form of votes. Since the larger army can be expected to win a violent encounter, support conventions recognise the authority of majorities. Political parties are organised to assemble majority support across states and within legislatures. The psychological impact of support rests on its association with violent capacity.


Support-bargaining Self-preservation Aggression Rigid groups Support convention Political parties 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Spread
    • 1
  1. 1.WitneyUK

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