Support and Support-Bargaining

  • Patrick Spread


Support-bargaining arises from the need of all individuals for the support of those around them. It leads to the formation of groups and the identification of group interests. High cohesion is necessary to the effectiveness of groups, most readily achieved when a group is under external threat. Individuals and groups identify their interests by reference to their situation. Humans use their sense of symmetry to determine what will ‘fit’ their situation. Situation-related interest causes societies to evolve from situation to situation. In a threatening situation, individuals will recognise that their individual interest is inseparable from that of the group. This can give rise to rigid groups, with the extreme cohesion necessary to violent action. Groups organise, with hierarchies and budgets, to increase their effectiveness.


Support-bargaining Group interest External threat Social evolution Organisations Symmetry 


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Spread
    • 1
  1. 1.WitneyUK

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