Advertisement

Validation of the Design of a Robot to Study the Thermo-Emotional Expression

  • Denis PeñaEmail author
  • Fumihide TanakaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11357)

Abstract

The thermal sensation can be used by humans to interpret emotions. Hence, a series of questions arise as to whether the robot can express its emotional state through the temperature of its body. Therefore, in this study, we carry out the design process of a robot and its validation as a platform to study the thermo-emotional expression. The designed robot can vary the temperature of its skin between 10–55 °C. In this range, it is possible to perform thermal stimuli already studied that have an emotional interpretation, and also to study new ones where the pain receptors are activated. The robot’s shape is designed to look like the body of a creature that is neither human nor animal. In addition, it was designed in such a way that the physical interaction occurs mainly in its head. This is because it was decided to locate the robot’s thermal system there. The results of an experiment with a free interaction showed that the main regions to be caressed were the superior, lateral and upper diagonal faces of the cranium. These regions coincide with the location of the robot’s thermal system. Therefore, the robot can transmit different thermal stimuli to the human when a physical interaction occurs. Consequently, the designed robot will be appropriate to study the body temperature of the robot as a medium to express its emotional state.

Keywords

Thermal emotional expression Robot skin temperature Physical HRI 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work is supported by KAKENHI 17K19993. A special thanks to Kosmech workshop of the University of Tsukuba for the support in the manufacture of the robot.

References

  1. 1.
    Darwin, C.: The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, vol. 526. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1965)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nummenmaa, L., Glerean, E., Hari, R., Hietanen, J.K.: Bodily maps of emotions. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 111(2), 646–651 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wilson, G., Dobrev, D., Brewster, S.A.: Hot under the collar: mapping thermal feedback to dimensional models of emotion. In: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 4838–4849. ACM, New York (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Salminen, K., et al.: Cold or Hot? How thermal stimuli are related to human emotional system? In: Oakley, I., Brewster, S. (eds.) HAID 2013. LNCS, vol. 7989, pp. 20–29. Springer, Heidelberg (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41068-0_3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lee, W., Lim, Y.-K.: Explorative research on the heat as an expression medium: focused on interpersonal communication. Pers. Ubiquit. Comput. 16(8), 1039–1049 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nie, J., Park, M., Marin, A.L., Sundar, S.S.: Can you hold my hand? Physical warmth in human-robot interaction. In: 7th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, pp. 201–202 (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Park, E., Lee, J.: I am a warm robot: the effects of temperature in physical human–robot interaction. Robotica 32(1), 133–142 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Vargas, M.F.: Louder than Words: An Introduction to Nonverbal Communication. Iowa State University Press, Iowa City (1986)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Guyton, A.C., Hall, J.E.: Textbook of Medical Physiology, 13th edn. Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Peña, D., Tanaka, F.: Touch to feel me: designing a robot for thermo-emotional communication. In: 13th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI 2018), pp. 207–208. ACM, New York (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TsukubaTsukubaJapan

Personalised recommendations