Hardware Implementation of Generalized Space Modulation Techniques Using Simulink RF Blockset

  • Raed MeslehEmail author
  • Abdullah Al-Khatib
  • Omar Hiari
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 263)


Generalized space modulation techniques (GSMTs) are attractive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technologies that promise significant advantages for future wireless systems. Most existing studies of GSMTs in literature tackle several theoretical issues analytically or through Monte Carlo simulations. However, practical implementation and hardware limitations are yet to be studied. In this paper, GSMTs implementations using RF hardware components within the Simulink RF blockset library is considered. The implementation targets minimum hardware components and proposes fundamental baseband models for different GSMTs. The developed models facilitate the investigation of the impact of different parameters on the overall system performance. The accuracy of these models is corroborated through calculating the average BER and compare it to existing curves in literature. In addition, the required hardware components for GSMTs in passband implementation are discussed.


MIMO Space modulation techniques Simulink–RF blockset 



The authors acknowledge the financial support of the Deanship of Scientific Research at the German Jordanian University under research grant number SIC 41/2016.


  1. 1.
    Andrews, J.G., Buzzi, S., Choi, W., Hanly, S.V., Lozano, A., Soong, A.C., Zhang, J.C.: What will 5g be? IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 32(6), 1065–1082 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Basar, E., Wen, M., Mesleh, R., Renzo, M.D., Xiao, Y., Haas, H.: Index modulation techniques for next-generation wireless networks. IEEE Access 5, 1–52 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mesleh, R., Al-Hassi, R.: Space Modulation Techniques, 1st edn. Wiley, 288 pages, 13 June 2018Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Younis, A., Mesleh, R.: Information-theoretic treatment of space modulation MIMO systems. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 67, 6960–6969 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mesleh, R., Hiari, O., Younis, A.: Generalized space modulation techniques: Hardware design and considerations. Phys. Commun. 26, 87–95 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mesleh, R., Hiari, O., Younis, A., Alouneh, S.: Transmitter design and hardware considerations for different space modulation techniques. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 16(11), 7512–7522 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hiari, O., Mesleh, R.: Impact of RF switch insertion loss on the performance of space modulation techniques. IEEE Commun. Lett. 22, 958–961 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jeganathan, J., Ghrayeb, A., Szczecinski, L.: Generalized space shift keying modulation for MIMO channels. In: IEEE 19th International Symposium on Conference: Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2008, 15–18 September 2008, pp. 1–5 (2008)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Younis, A., Serafimovski, N., Mesleh, R., Haas, H.: Generalised spatial modulation. In: Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers, Pacific Grove, CA, USA (2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical Engineering and Information TechnologyGerman Jordanian UniversityAmmanJordan

Personalised recommendations