Spatial Modulation or Spatial Multiplexing for mmWave Communications?
In this paper, two large scale (LS)–multiple–input multiple–output (MIMO) systems and their performance over 3D statistical outdoor millimeter wave (mmWave) channel model are considered and thoroughly analyzed. Namely, spatial multiplexing (SMX) and spatial modulation (SM) systems are considered. The performance of both systems in terms of average bit error ratio (ABER) and channel capacity are derived and studied. Obtained results divulge that SM can achieve higher theoretical capacity than SMX system. Further, SMX system is shown to offer better ABER and mutual information performance as compared to SM system for the same system configuration. Yet, SM demonstrate significant energy efficiency (EE) enhancement for large scale number of transmit antennas.
KeywordsMillimeter-wave (mmWave) communication Spatial modulation (SM) Spatial Multiplexing (SMX) Large–scale MIMO (LS–MIMO)
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