Advertisement

The Resistance Economy: Iranian Patriotism and Economic Liberalisation

  • Erzsébet N. Rózsa
  • Tamás Szigetvári
Chapter
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a unique case in the global economic system. The new experimental model initiated by and established after the Islamic revolution in 1979 was based on the concept of total independence from foreign influence, including economic independence. In recent years, Iranian politics was characterised by a more liberal approach, trying to relink the country to the global economy. This study focuses on the current Iranian liberalisation process, the debates concerning the threats and opportunities of liberalisation, and the country’s mixed approach towards foreign capital inflow, and its integration into the global economy with limited liberalisation and strong economic patriotism.

Keywords

Iran Resistance economy Independence Economic liberalisation Patriotism 

References

  1. Alizadeh, P. (2014). The Development of Iran’s Auto Industry in a Comparative Perspective. In P. Alizadeh & H. Hakimian (Eds.), Iran and the Global Economy. Petro Populism, Islam and Economic Sanctions. Abingdon/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Amuzegar, J. (2009). Iran’s 20-Year Economic Perspectives: Promises and Pitfalls. Middle East Policy, 16(3), 41–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amuzegar, J. (2014). The Islamic Republic of Iran. Reflections on an Emerging Economy. Abingdon/New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ashtarian, K. (2015). Iran. In UNESCO Science Report: Towards 2030. Paris: UNESCO Publishing.Google Scholar
  5. Financial Tribune. (2015, April 26). Debate Over Protectionism Heating Up. https://financialtribune.com/articles/economy-domestic-economy/15400/debate-over-protectionism-heating-up
  6. Habibi, N. (2014). The Iranian Economy in the Shadows of Sanction. In P. Alizadeh & H. Hakimian (Eds.), Iran and the Global Economy. Petro Populism, Islam and Economic Sanctions. Abingdon/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Hirschmann, A. O. (1968). The Political Economy of Import-Substituting Industrialization in Latin America. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 82(1), 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hosseinifar, H., Ebrahimzadeh, A., & Jünemann, M. (2016). Iran – Automotive Outlook 2025. ILIA. http://www.ilia-corporation.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Automotive-Industry-Iran-ILIA-Corporation-White-Paper-c.pdf
  9. IBP. (2016). Iran. Investment and Business Guide (Vol. 1). Washington, DC: International Business Publications.Google Scholar
  10. Koenig, P. (2016, July 26). Economic Development and the Concept of ‘Resistance Economy’. Global Research. http://www.globalresearch.ca/economic-development-and-the-concept-of-resistance-economy/5537644
  11. Pesaran, E. (2011). Iran’s Struggle for Economic Independence. Reform and Counter-Reform in the Post-Revolutionary Era. Abingdon/New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Qorbani, M. (2016, May 2). What Is Resistance Economy? Basirat. http://basirat.ir/en/news/329/what-is-resistance-economy
  13. Tartir, A., Bahour, S., & Abdelnour, S. (2012). Defeating Dependency, Creating a Resistance Economy. Washington, DC: Policy Brief, Al-Shabaka.Google Scholar
  14. Xing, L. (1999). The Transformation of Ideology from Mao to Deng: Impact on China’s Social Welfare Outcome. International Journal of Social Welfare, 8(2), 86–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erzsébet N. Rózsa
    • 1
  • Tamás Szigetvári
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of World EconomicsHungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations