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Zinc and Silver Nanoparticles: Properties, Applications and Impact to the Aquatic Environment

  • Paulo Ricardo Franco MarcelinoEmail author
  • Mariete Barbosa Moreira
  • Talita Martins Lacerda
  • Silvio Silvério da SilvaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Recent advances in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology enabled the development of precise processes that are used across the most diverse science fields to control individual atoms and molecules. Inorganic nanomaterials, specially zinc and silver nanoparticles (Zn-NPs, Ag-NPs), have been attracting attention in the last decades due to their versatility, with applications as active componentes in eletronics, pharmaceuticals, cosmetic and agricultural products. However, safe nanotechnology unfortunatelly did not progress at the same speed, and hazardous nanomaterials are still disposed indiscriminately, crompromising the environment. Herein, the most recent and relevant contributions related to Zn-NPs and Ag-NPs, with regard to their chemical properties, utilization, disposal, interaction with biological systems and environmental impacts, are presented and discussed.

Nomenclature

Ag-NPs

Silver Nanoparticles

A-ZnO-NPs

3-Aminopropyltrimethoxysilane

D-ZnO-NPs

Dodecyltrichlorosilane

NOM

Natural Organic Matter

NPs

Nanoparticles

Zn-NPs

Zinc Nanoparticles

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paulo Ricardo Franco Marcelino
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mariete Barbosa Moreira
    • 2
  • Talita Martins Lacerda
    • 1
  • Silvio Silvério da Silva
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, Engineering School of Lorena (EEL)São Paulo University (USP), CEPLorenaBrazil
  2. 2.Chemistry Institute, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), CEPAraraquaraBrazil

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