Nanoparticles Emitted by Biomass Burning: Characterization and Monitoring of Risks

  • Maria Angélica M. Costa
  • Henrique M. Fogarin
  • Ana F. M. Costa
  • Lorena O. Pires
  • Débora D. V. Silva
  • Michele Lima-Souza
  • Kelly J. DussánEmail author


Using biomass (e.g. sugarcane bagasse) as biofuel in industries and distilleries is already well known and has recently been increasingly more utilized to produce heat and energy, thus emissions from burning this fuel have reached local and global populations. Biomass burning in general is the major anthropogenic source of many air pollutants. Environmental assessments must be carried out frequently and should consider not only burning fields, which are still recurrent, but also the use of bagasse as fuel, its emissions and the control in industry, taking into account air quality and harmful effects on health. In order to evaluate the atmospheric changes and the effect of the compounds emitted during biomass combustion on human health, particulate matter (PM) emission control and characterization must be carried out. Particles emitted by biomass burning have varied compositions, including organic, inorganic as well as elemental carbon. These analyses can identify different emission sources, such as fixed sources, air mass trajectories and quantification of open burning. However, ambient air quality standards should be reassessed, including the effects of ultrafine particulate matter (nanoparticles) and solutions should be sought to reduce the concentration of these materials in the atmosphere and hence improve public health.


Biomass Burning Emission Characterization Deposition Air quality 



The authors are grateful to FAPESP—São Paulo Research Foundation (grant numbers #2016/23209-0 and #2018/00697-5)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Angélica M. Costa
    • 1
  • Henrique M. Fogarin
    • 1
  • Ana F. M. Costa
    • 2
  • Lorena O. Pires
    • 1
  • Débora D. V. Silva
    • 1
  • Michele Lima-Souza
    • 3
  • Kelly J. Dussán
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Chemical TechnologyInstitute of Chemistry, São Paulo State University-UNESPAraraquara, São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Bioprocess and BiotechnologySchool of Pharmaceutical Sciences of São Paulo State University-UNESPAraraquara, São PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Analytical ChemistryInstitute of Chemistry, São Paulo State University-UNESPAraraquara, São PauloBrazil

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