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Carbon Nanomaterials: Potential Risks to Human Health and the Environment

  • O. V. Sinitsyna
  • G. B. Meshkov
  • I. V. Yaminsky
Chapter

Abstract

Carbon nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene, and graphene oxide, are perspective for application in electronics, energy storage, aerospace and defense industries, biomedicine, etc. In the chapter, we briefly overview the structure, unique properties, current and future applications of carbon nanomaterials. Their effects on living systems are considered in details. We identify the potential health and environmental risks related to the release of the carbon nanoparticles to the environment. The chapter addresses the issues of bioaccumulation and biodegradation of the carbon nanomaterials.

Keywords

Graphene Graphene oxide Carbon nanotubes Toxicity Biodegradation 

Nomenclature

CNT

Carbon Nanotube

GO

Graphene Oxide

SWCNT

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube

MWCNT

Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube

TEM

Transmission Electron Microscopy

AFM

Atomic Force Microscope

ROS

Reactive Oxygen Species

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant nos. 16-29-06290 ofi_m).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. V. Sinitsyna
    • 1
  • G. B. Meshkov
    • 2
  • I. V. Yaminsky
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of PolymersA. N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds of Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Faculty of PhysicsLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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