Marx, Gramsci, and Power Networks

  • Justin van der Merwe
  • Nicole Dodd
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


Synthesising Harvey’s reworking of Marx’s primitive accumulation and Cox’s reformulation of Gramscian analysis, Van der Merwe and Dodd provide the conceptual and theoretical framework of the government-business-media (GBM) complex. They illustrate how power networks provide an overall schema for understanding the systemic nature of capital accumulation across space and time. The GBM complex explains how the global system of accumulation is a function of the synergy between the state’s quest for power, businesses’ need for expansion, and informational and hegemonic functions of media actors. Complexes (as a defined sub-type of power networks) and what may be called ‘complex theory’ provide the theoretical framework for understanding the global political economy in which countries and blocs operate and compete throughout the international system. The chapter suggests that processes of underdevelopment and dispossession in the South are facilitated through globally dominant GBMs.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Justin van der Merwe
    • 1
  • Nicole Dodd
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Military StudiesUniversity of StellenboschSaldanhaSouth Africa
  2. 2.School for Human and Organisational DevelopmentUniversity of StellenboschSaldanhaSouth Africa

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